Valium Flashcards Preview

Yomata Drugs > Valium > Flashcards

Flashcards in Valium Deck (14):
1

Generic name

Diazepam

2

Class

Benzodiazepine, anticonvulsant, sedative

3

Mechanism of action

Acts on the Limbic system, the thalamus, and the hypothalamus to produce the sedative effects. Increases the seizure threshold; transient analgesia

4

Indications

Anxiety, seizure activity, combative patient

5

Contraindications

Allergy, myasthenia gravis

6

Precautions

First trimester of pregnancy, watch for extravasation

7

Adverse effects

Hypotension (rare) from rapid administration or from too high a dose. Brady cardia, respiratory arrest

8

Incompatibilities/drug interactions

Don not mix or dilute with other solutions or drugs in syringe, tubing, or container

9

Routs of Admin

IM/IV/IO

10

Onset of action

Onset within minutes, peak effects variable and duration 20-50min

11

Adult dose

0.1 mg/kg slow IVP (IM if unable to obtain IV)

12

Pediatric dose

0.1 mg/kg slow IVP

13

Special considerations

May prolong CNS depression in the neonate
IV doses may cause respiratory difficulties

14

Protocols used

A-27: Seizures
B-12: Pediatric Seizures
E-19: Sedation and pain