Lidocaine Flashcards Preview

Yomata Drugs > Lidocaine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lidocaine Deck (12):
1

Trade Name

Xylocaine, Lidocaine Hydrochloride

2

Class

Anti-dysrhuthmic, local anesthetic

3

Mechanism of Action

Decreases automaticity by slowing the rate of phase 4 depolarization

4

Indications

VT, wide complex tachycardia, VF, local anesthetic of bone marrow for IO

5

Contraindications

Known allergy or sensitivity, second or third degree heart block, idoventricular, heart rate

6

Adverse effects

Seizures, AMS, confusion, bradycardia

7

Incompatibilities/ Drug interactions

Cardiac depression when given in conjunction with Dilantin/procainamide

8

Routes of Admin

IV/IO

9

Onset of Action

onset 1-3 min
peak 5-10 min
Variable duration 15min-2hrs

10

Adult dose

1.0 mg/kg IV/IO every 3-5 min, max dose 3mg/kg
1-4mg/min IV infusion
1-2cc IO for pain control

11

Pediatric dose

1.0mg/kg IV/IO max dose of 3mg/kg
20-50mcg/kg/min infusion

12

Protocols used

A-10: VF/VT
A-11: V-tach with pulse
B-7: Pediatric V-fib
B-8: Pediatric V-tach
B-9: Pediatric PSVT