Analgesics Flashcards Preview

PTCB Drugs > Analgesics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Analgesics Deck (45):
1

Narcotic analgesics

Bind to opiate receptors in the CNS, altering the perception of and emotional response to pain.
Concerns: Dependence, Addiction, Tolerance, Side effects, Overdose
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.
Schedules II, III, and IV

2

Narcotic antagonist

a.k.a. narcotic blocker
Naloxone
Used when overdosed with narcotic analgesic by blocking the absorption of the narcotic.

3

Schedule II Narcotic analgesics

oxycodone + APAP (Endocet)
oxycodone + ASA
codeine
fentanyl
hydromorphone
meperidine
methadone
morphine
oxycodone

4

Generic name: oxycodone + APAP (Endocet)

Brand name: Percocet, Tylox
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

5

Generic name: oxycodone + ASA

Brand name: Percodan
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

6

Generic name: codeine

Brand name: Codeine
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

7

Generic name: fentanyl

Brand name: Duragesic
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

8

Generic name: hydromorphone

Brand name: Dilaudid
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

9

Generic name: meperidine

Brand name: Demerol
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

10

Generic name: methadone

Brand name: Dolophine
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

11

Generic name: morphine

Brand name: MS Contin
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

12

Generic name: oxycodone

Brand name: Oxycontin
Schedule II Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

13

Schedule III narcotic analgesics

APAP codeine
hydrocodone
hydrocodone + APAP

14

Generic name: APAP + codeine

Brand name: Tylenol #2, #3, #4
Schedule III Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

15

Generic name: hydrocodone

Brand name: Hycodan
Schedule III Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

16

Generic name: hydrocodone + APAP

Brand name: Vicodin, Lortab
Schedule III Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

17

Schedule IV narcotic analgesics

butorphanol
propoxyphene
propoxyphene + APAP
pentazocine + naloxone
pentazocine

18

Generic name: butorphanol

Brand name: Stadol
Schedule IV Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

19

Generic name: propoxyphene

Brand name: Darvon
Schedule IV Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

20

Generic name: propoxyphene + APAP

Brand name: Darvocet N
Schedule IV Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

21

Generic name: pentazocine + naloxone

Brand name: Talwin NX
Schedule IV Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

22

Generic name: pentazocine

Brand name: Talwin
Schedule IV Narcotic analgesic
Auxiliary labels: Take with Food/milk, May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcohol.

23

Non-narcotic analgesics and antipyretics

Aspirin (acetyl salicylic acid)
Acetaminophen
NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatories (NSAIDs)
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonists (Migraine medicines)

24

Aspirin

Acetyl salicylic acid
Uses: Analgesic, Antipyretic, Anti-inflammatory, Antirheumatic, Thins the blood, preventing clots (stroke, heart attack)
Concerns:
If given to children in exposure to chicken pox, will cause Reye's Syndrome
Interacts with Coumadin
Long term use causes GI distress (ulcers), hearing loss

25

Acetaminophen

Uses: Analgesic, antipyretic
NOT anti-inflammatory

26

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatories

NSAIDs
Action: Anti-inflammatory, Anti-pyretic, Analgesic
Concerns:
Take with food/milk
Don't give to patients with ulcers (peptic ulcer disease)
Don't take with warfarin (Coumadin)
May cause drowsiness
diclofenac
diflunisal
etodolac
fluribiprofen
ibuprofen
indomethacin
ketorolac
nabumetone
naproxen
oxaprozin
piroxicam

27

Generic name: diclofenac

Brand name: Voltaren, Cataflam
NSAID

28

Generic name: diflunisal

Brand name: Dolobid
NSAID

29

Generic name: etodolac

Brand name: Lodine
NSAID

30

Generic name: fluribiprofen

Brand name: Ansaid
NSAID

31

Generic name: ibuprofen

Brand name: Motrin, Advil, Nuprin
NSAID

32

Generic name: indomethacin

Brand name: Indocin
NSAID

33

Generic name: ketorolac

Brand name: Toradol
NSAID

34

Generic name: nabumetone

Brand name: Relafen
NSAID

35

Generic name: naproxen

Brand name: Anaprox, naprosyn
OTC: Aleve
NSAID

36

Generic name: oxaprozin

Brand name: Daypro
NSAID

37

Generic name: piroxicam

Brand name: Feldene
NSAID

38

Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist

Migraine medicine
almotriptan
eletriptan
frovatriptan
naratriptan
rizatriptan
sumatriptan
zolmitriptan

39

Generic name: almotriptan

Brand name: Axert
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

40

Generic name: eletriptan

Brand name: Relpax
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

41

Generic name: frovatriptan

Brand name: Frova
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

42

Generic name: naratriptan

Brand name: Amerge
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

43

Generic name: rizatriptan

Brand name: Maxalt
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

44

Generic name: sumatriptan

Brand name: Imitrex
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)

45

Generic name: zolmitriptan

Brand name: Zomig
Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist (Migraines)