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Flashcards in Psychotherapeutic agents Deck (42):
1

Types of psychotherapeutic agents

Anti-anxiety agents
Antidepressants
Antipsychotics

2

Anti-anxiety agents

Can be used to calm or induce sleep.
May cause dependence -> Discontinuation must be tapered.
Auxiliary labels: May cause drowsiness, Do not drink alcoholic beverages

3

Generic name: alprazolam

Brand name: Xanax (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

4

Generic name: buspirone

Brand name: Buspar (Rx)
Anti-anxiety agent

5

Generic name: chlordiazepoxide

Brand name: Librium (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

6

Generic name: clorazepate

Brand name: Tranxene (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

7

Generic name: diazepam

Brand name: Valium (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

8

Generic name: hydroxyzine

Brand name: Atarax, Vistaril (Rx)
Anti-anxiety agent

9

Generic name: lorazepam

Brand name: Ativan (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

10

Generic name: oxazepam

Brand name: Serax (C4)
Anti-anxiety agent

11

Antidepressants

Feelings: Sadness, pessimism, worry, loss of concentration, hopelessness, despair, inability to experience pleasure in usual activities
Signs and symptoms: Poor appetite, sleep disturbance, agitation, fatigue, thoughts of death
-Each class takes from 21 days to 8 weeks to be effective

12

Tricyclic anti-depressants

amitriptyline
clomipramine
desipramine
doxepin
imipramine
nortriptyline

13

Generic name: amitriptyline

Brand name: Elavil
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

14

Generic name: clomipramine

Brand name: Anafranil
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

15

Generic name: desipramine

Brand name: Norpramin
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

16

Generic name: doxepin

Brand name: Sinequan, Zonalon
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

17

Generic name: imipramine

Brand name: Tofranil
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

18

Generic name: nortriptyline

Brand name: Pamelor
Trycyclic antidepressant
Do not mix with MAOI inhibitor drugs

19

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

SSRIs
Most cause insomnia at night and drowsiness during the day:
fluoxetine
paroxetine
sertraline
fluvoxamine
buproprion
citalopram
duloxetine
escitalopram
venlafaxine

20

Generic name: fluoxetine

Brand name: Prozac
SSRI

21

Generic name: paroxetine

Brand name: Paxil
SSRI

22

Generic name: sertraline

Brand name: Zoloft
SSRI

23

Generic name: fluvoxamine

Brand name: Luvox
SSRI

24

Generic name: buproprion

Brand name: Wellbutrin
SSRI

25

Generic name: citalopram

Brand name: Celexa
SSRI

26

Generic name: duloxetine

Brand name: Cymbalta
SSRI

27

Generic name: escitalopram

Brand name: Lexapro
SSRI

28

Generic name: venlafaxine

Brand name: Effexor
SSRI

29

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors

MAOIs
Interact with cheese, wine, other antidepressants.
Need a wash-out period (2 weeks with no drug):
phenelzine
selegiline
tranylcypromine

30

Generic name: phenelzine

Brand name: Nardil
MAOI (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor)

31

Generic name: selegiline

Brand name: Eldepryl
MAOI (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor)

32

Generic name: tranylcypromine

Brand name: Parnate
MAOI (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor)

33

Antipsychotics

Treat psychosis and schizophrenia, which may involve delusions, hallucinations, and agitation.
Must be tapered slowly when stopping.
Side effects: Extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and tardive dyskinesia (TD), which affect motor coordination.
"Will cause drowsiness"
"No alcoholic beverages"

34

Generic name: clozapine

Brand name: Clozaril
Antipsychotic

35

Generic name: fluphenzaine

Brand name: Prolixin
Antipsychotic

36

Generic name: haloperidol

Brand name: Haldol
Antipsychotic

37

Generic name: loxapine

Brand name: Loxitane
Antipsychotic

38

Generic name: olanzapine

Brand name: Zyprexa
Antipsychotic

39

Generic name: risperidone

Brand name: Risperadal
Antipsychotic

40

Generic name: thiothixene

Brand name: Navane
Antipsychotic

41

Generic name: ziprasidone

Brand name: Geodon
Antipsychotic

42

Generic name: thioridazine

Brand name: Mellaril
Antipsychotic