Medications to treat the common cold Flashcards Preview

PTCB Drugs > Medications to treat the common cold > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medications to treat the common cold Deck (22):
1

Types of medications treating the common cold

Expectorants
Antitussives
Decongestants
Antihistamines

2

Expectorants

Thin out mucus and help remove it:
guaifenesin

3

Generic name: guaifenesin

Brand name: Robitussin (OTC)
Brand name: Humibid LA (Rx)
Brand name: Entex LA (Rx)
Special considerations: Twice daily for Rx's

4

Antitussives

Reduce dry hacking coughs
benzonatate
Codeine
dextromethorphan
diphenhydramine
hydrocodone-homatropine

5

Generic name: benzonatate

Brand name: Tessalon Perles
Antitussive
Rx

6

Generic name: Codeine

Brand name: Robitussin AC and DAC
Antitussive
CIII

7

Generic name: dextromethorphan

Brand name: Delsym, Robitussin DM
Antitussive
OTC

8

Generic name: diphenhydramine

Brand name: Benedryl
Antitussive
OTC

9

Generic name: hydrocodone-homatropine

Brand name: Hycodan
Antitussive
CIII

10

Decongestants

Reduce nasal stuffiness.
Do not use more than 3 days in a row due to rebound congestion (severe swelling of the nasal sinuses that will not go away)
Side effects: Increased blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, increased blood glucose.
Use caution if you have: Hypertension, Hyperthyroid, Diabetes, Heart disease:
pseudoephedrine
phenylephrine
oxymetazoline

11

Generic name: pseudoephedrine

Brand name: Sudafed (OTC)
Decongestant

12

Generic name: phenylephrine

Brand name: Dristan (OTC)
Decongestant

13

Generic name: oxymetazoline

Brand name: Afrin (OTC)
Decongestant

14

Antihistamines

For watery eyes, runny nose (hay fever)
Cause drowsiness (except Claritin):
brompheniramine
cetirizine
chlorpheniramine
clemastine
diphenhydramine
fexofenadine
loratadine
meclizine

15

Generic name: brompheniramine

Brand name: Dimetapp (OTC)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

16

Generic name: cetirizine

Brand name: Zyrtec (Rx)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

17

Generic name: chlorpheniramine

Brand name: Chlor-Trimeton (OTC)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

18

Generic name: clemastine

Brand name: Tavist (OTC)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

19

Generic name: diphenhydramine

Brand name: Benedryl (OTC)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

20

Generic name: fexofenadine

Brand name: Allegra (Rx)
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness

21

Generic name: loratadine

Brand name: Claritin, Alavert
Antihistamine

22

Generic name: meclizine

Brand name: Bonine, Antivert
Antihistamine
Cause drowsiness