Diabetes drugs Flashcards Preview

PTCB Drugs > Diabetes drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes drugs Deck (15):
1

Diabetes mellitus

Hyperglycemia due to lack of insulin (Insulin, produced by pancreas, decreases blood glucose).
Type I: Do not produce insulin, so require injections.
Type II: Produce very little insulin, so need oral hypoglycemic agents (tablets) for increased insulin production.

2

Insulin

Auxiliary label: Store in refridgerator
-For injections, No alcohol
100 Units/mL
Lispro
Regular (only kind allowed in IV bags)
NPH
Lente
Ultralente
Humalog
Lantus

3

Oral hypoglycemic tablets

For Diabetes Type II
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity:
acarbose
glimepiride
glipizide
glyburide
metformin
nateglinide
repaglinide
pioglitazone
rosiglitazone
Combination Products:
glipizide-metformin
glyburide-metformin
rosiglitazone-metformin

4

Generic name: acarbose

Brand name: Precose
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

5

Generic name: glimepiride

Brand name: Amaryl
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

6

Generic name: glipizide

Brand name: Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

7

Generic name: glyburide

Brand name: Diabeta, Micronase
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

8

Generic name: metformin

Brand name: Glucophage
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

9

Generic name: nateglinide

Brand name: Starlix
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

10

Generic name: repaglinide

Brand name: Prandin
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

11

Generic name: pioglitazone

Brand name: Actos
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

12

Generic name: rosiglitazone

Brand name: Avandia
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

13

Generic name: glipizide-metformin

Brand name: Metaglip
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

14

Generic name: glyburide-metformin

Brand name: Glucovance
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity

15

Generic name: rosiglitazone-metformin

Brand name: Avandamet
Oral hypoglycemic tablets
Auxiliary label: No alcohol, Photosensitivity