HIV/AIDS drugs Flashcards Preview

PTCB Drugs > HIV/AIDS drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in HIV/AIDS drugs Deck (20):
1

Transmission routes of HIV

Sexual contact (semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk)
Blood
Pregnancy: From mother to neonate

2

Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS

Based on CD4 count and p24 antigen

3

HIV medications

Side effects: nausea, fatigue, headache, fever, rash
Auxiliary labels: Take on an empty stomach, No alcohol, Do not take with ketoconazole, itraconazole, Cipro
Usually contain VIR (antiviral)

4

Generic name: zidovudine

Brand name: Retrovir
a.k.a. AZT
Pregnant HIV carriers take it to avoid transmitting it to the fetus

5

Generic name: didansine

Brand name: Videx
HIV medication

6

Generic name: stavudine

Brand name: Zerit
HIV medication

7

Generic name: lamivudine

Brand name: Epivir
HIV medication

8

Generic name: zalcitabine

Brand name: Hivid
HIV medication
Side effects: Extreme neuropathy (pain, weakness, numbness, tingling, burning of hands and feet)

9

Generic name: nevirapine

Brand name: Viramune
HIV medication
Side effect: Rash

10

Generic name: delavirdine

Brand name: Rescriptor
HIV medication
Dissolve in water to drink

11

Generic name: abacavir (ABC)

Brand name: Ziagen
HIV medication

12

Generic name: zidovudine + lamivudine

Brand name: Combivir
HIV medication

13

Generic name: zidovudine + lamivudine + abacavir

Brand name: Trizivir
HIV medication

14

Generic name: efavirenz

Brand name: Sustiva
HIV medication

15

Generic name: nevirapine

Brand name: Viramune
HIV medication

16

Generic name: saquinavir

Brand name: Invirase
HIV medication
Requires a PPI (photosensitivity)

17

Generic name: indinavir

Brand name: Crixivan
HIV medication
Requires a PPI (May cause kidney stones, so auxiliary label: Drink plenty of water)

18

Generic name: ritonavir

Brand name: Norvir
HIV medication
Many side effects and drug interactions (weakness, diarrhea, anorexia, abdominal pain)
Auxiliary label: Keep refrigerated, Take with food, Do not take with antacids, Protect from light.

19

Generic name: nelfinavir

Brand name: Viracept
HIV medication

20

Combination AIDS therapy

AZT + Epivir + Videx or Zerit + Epivir + Videx