Cardiovascular drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiovascular drugs Deck (58):
1

Types of cardiovascular drugs

Anti-anginals
Anti-arrhythmics
Antihypertensive agents

2

Anti-anginals

Treats angina, insufficient oxygen to the heart muscle causing sudden, severe substernal pain radiating to the left arm:
nitroglycerin
isosorbide dinitrate
isosorbide mononitrate
calcium channel blockers
beta blockers

3

Anti-arrhythmics, classes of

Treats bradycardia (slowing down of heart) or tachycardia (speeding up of heart):
Class I: Sodium channel blockers
Class II: Beta blockers
Class III: Calcium channel blockers
Class IV: Cardiac glycoside

4

Class I anti-arrhythmics

Sodium channel blockers:
disopyramide
lidocaine
procainamide
quinidine
propafenone
flecainide

5

Class II anti-arrhythmics

Beta blockers:
acebutolol
atenolol
betaxolol
carvedilol
metoprolol
nadolol
propranolol
sotalol
labetolol

6

Class III anti-arrhythmics

Calcium channel blockers:
amlodipine
diltiazem
felodipine
isradipine
nicardipine
nifedipine
verapamil

7

Class IV anti-arrhythmics

Cardiac glycoside:
digoxin
-In case of overdose, give Digibind

8

Generic name: nitroglycerin

Brand name: Nitrostat, Nitrobid, Nitro-Dur
Auxiliary labels: Not child resistant lid, Do not take with Viagra/Cialis
Special considerations: Store in original glass amber bottle. 3 doses is the max. Flushing. Tolerance buildup. Light headedness.

9

Generic name: isosorbide dinitrate

Brand name: Isordil
Auxiliary labels: Check with pharmacist before any OTC items
Special considerations: Do not take with Viagra/Cialis.

10

Generic name: isosorbide mononitrate

Brand name: Imdur
Auxiliary labels: Check with pharmacist before any OTC items
Special considerations: Do not take with Viagra/Cialis.

11

Generic name: disopyramide

Brand name: Norpace
Sodium channel blocker

12

Generic name: lidocaine

Brand name: Xylocaine
Sodium channel blocker

13

Generic name: procainamide

Brand name: Pronestyl
Sodium channel blocker

14

Generic name: quinidine

Brand name: Quinaglute
Sodium channel blocker

15

Generic name: propafenone

Brand name: Rythmol
Sodium channel blocker

16

Generic name: flecainide

Brand name: Tambocor
Sodium channel blocker

17

Generic name: acebutolol

Brand name: Sectral
Beta blocker

18

Generic name: atenolol

Brand name: Tenormin
Beta blocker

19

Generic name: betaxolol

Brand name: Kerlone
Beta blocker

20

Generic name: carvedilol

Brand name: Coreg
Beta blocker

21

Generic name: metoprolol

Brand name: Lopressor
Beta blocker

22

Generic name: nadolol

Brand name: Corgard
Beta blocker

23

Generic name: propranolol

Brand name: Inderal
Beta blocker

24

Generic name: sotalol

Brand name: Betapace
Beta blocker

25

Generic name: labetolol

Brand name: Normadyne
Beta blocker

26

Generic name: amlodipine

Brand name: Norvasc
Calcium channel blocker

27

Generic name: diltiazem

Brand name: Cardizem, Dilacor
Calcium channel blocker

28

Generic name: felodipine

Brand name: Plendil
Calcium channel blocker

29

Generic name: isradipine

Brand name: Dynacirc
Calcium channel blocker

30

Generic name: nicardipine

Brand name: Cardene
Calcium channel blocker

31

Generic name: nifedipine

Brand name: Procardia, Adalat
Calcium channel blocker

32

Generic name: verapamil

Brand name: Calan, Isoptin, Verelan
Calcium channel blocker

33

Generic name: digoxin

Brand name: Lanoxin
Cardiac glycoside
-In case of overdose, give Digibind

34

Generic name: bumetanide

Brand name: Bumex
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

35

Hypertension

Diastolic blood pressure (pressure during relaxation of heart) is greater than 90 and systolic blood pressure (pressure during contraction of the
heart) is greater than 140mm Hg. If left untreated, can lead to congestive heart failure(CHF), myocardial infarction, renal damage and stroke.

36

Generic name: furosemide

Brand name: Lasix
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

37

Generic name: hydrochlorothiazide

Brand name: Hydrodiuril
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

38

Generic name: indapamide

Brand name: Lozol
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

39

Generic name: torsemide

Brand name: Demadex
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

40

Generic name: metolazone

Brand name: Zaroxolyn
Diuretic
Special considerations: Flushes out potassium - will need a potassium supplement

41

Hypertensive agents

Diuretics
Potassium-sparing diuretics
ACE inhibitors
Angiotensin II - receptor antagonists
Calcium channel blockers
Beta blockers

42

Generic name: amiloride

Brand name: Midamore
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

43

Generic name: spironolactone

Brand name: Aldactone
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

44

Generic name: triamterene

Brand name: Dyrenium
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

45

Generic name: bisoprolol-HCTZ

Brand name: Ziac
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

46

Generic name: triamterene-HCTZ

Brand name: Dyazide, Maxzide
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

47

Generic name: spiranolactone-HCTZ

Brand name: Aldactazide
Potassium-sparing diuretic
Special considerations: Do not take with potassium supplement

48

ACE inhibitors

Block the Angiotension-Converting Enzymes to prevent the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II:
-All end in -pril
benazepril
captopril
enalapril
fosinopril
lisinopril
quinapril
ramipril

49

Generic name: benazepril

Brand name: Lotensin
ACE inhibitor

50

Generic name: captopril

Brand name: Capoten
ACE inhibitor

51

Generic name: enalapril

Brand name: Vasotec
ACE inhibitor

52

Generic name: fosinopril

Brand name: Monopril
ACE inhibitor

53

Generic name: lisinopril

Brand name: Prinivil, Zestril
ACE inhibitor

54

Generic name: quinapril

Brand name: Accupril
ACE inhibitor

55

Generic name: ramipril

Brand name: Altace
ACE inhibitor

56

Generic name: losartan

Brand name: Cozaar
Angiotensin II - receptor antagonist

57

Generic name: losartan-HCTZ

Brand name: Hyzaar
Angiotensin II - receptor antagonist

58

Generic name: valsartan

Brand name: Diovan
Angiotensin II - receptor antagonist