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Flashcards in Dosage forms Deck (15):
1

tablets

Most popular form
Prepared by mechanical compression
Must be dissolved in the stomach

2

chewable tablets

can be swallowed whole

3

enteric-coated tablets

Dissolution in the stomach is prevented
Must dissolve in intestines only
Should never be chewed, broken, or crushed
Should not be taken with antacids

4

Sublingual tablets

Quickly absorbed to the bloodstream
Absorption is not in the GI tract
Only small amount needed
Avoids the first-pass effect

5

buccal tablets

Between cheek and gum
Dissolved slowly over a period of time

6

Film-coated tablets

Masks odor or taste
Prevents deterioration due to light and air
Ex> Biaxin, Depakote

7

Sustained, timed-release tablets

Active ingredient is released at a constant rate

8

Lozenges

"troches" or "pastilles"
Dissolved slowly in the mouth to keep the drug in contact with mouth or throat longer

9

pellets

Cylinder-shaped tablets implanted just under skin for continuous absorption

10

capsules

Enclosed within a gelatin shell
After 10-30 min in the stomach, is dissolved
Eliminates bad tastes and odors

11

effervescent tablets

Carbon dioxide gas is released by acid/base reaction of active ingredient + sodium bicarbonate + citric (or tartaric) acid
Masks unpleasant, salty, or bitter taste

12

syrups

Sugar hinders bacterial growth
ex> antibiotics, cough preparations

13

Solutions

Medication is insoluble in the liquid
Needs to be shaken before taking
ex> Bactrim suspension

14

Elixer

Sweetened water with alcohol
Not for babies

15

Tinctures

Highest concentrations of alcohol