Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

PTCB Drugs > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (58):
1

Generic name: amoxicillin

Brand name: Amoxil, Polymox Days good after mixing: 10 RT, 14 Fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Discard after..., Refrigerate

2

Generic name: ampicillin

Brand name: Principen Days good after mixing: 7 RT, 14 Fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Discard after..., Refrigerate

3

Generic name: amoxicillin-clavulanate

Brand name: Augmentin Days good after mixing: 10 Fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Discard after..., Refrigerate

4

Generic name: dicloxacillin

Brand name: Dynapen Days good after mixing: 14 Fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Discard after..., Refrigerate

5

Generic name: penicillin

Brand name: Veetids Days good after mixing: 14 Fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Discard after..., Refrigerate

6

Classes of Antibiotics

Penicillins (PCN) Cephalosporins Erythromycins (Macrolides) Tetracyclines (TCN) Sulfonamides (sulfa drugs) Quinolones Misc.: metronidazole (Brand name: Flagyl) Antifungals Topical corticosteroids

7

Penicillins (PCN)

Anything ending in -cillin: amoxicillin ampicillin amoxicillin-clavulanate dicloxacillin penicillin

8

Cephalosporins

5-10% of people allergic to penicillins are also allergic to cephalosporins. (Cross-sensitivity) Usually need erythromycins: cefaclor cefadroxil ceftibuten cefuroxime cephalexin cephradine cefprozil

9

Generic name: cefaclor

Brand name: Ceclor Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

10

Generic name: cefadroxil

Brand name: Duricef Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

11

Generic name: ceftibuten

Brand name: Cedax Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

12

Generic name: cefuroxime

Brand name: Ceftin Days good after mixing: 10 RT/fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

13

Generic name: cephalexin

Brand name: Keflex or Keftab Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

14

Generic name: cephradine

Brand name: Velosef Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

15

Generic name: cefprozil

Brand name: Cefzil Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Shake well, How to store, Discard after...

16

Erythromycins

azithromycin clarithromycin dirithromycin erythromycin

17

Generic name: azithromycin

Brand name: Zithromax Days good after mixing: 10 days room or fridge Auxiliary labels: Eat, Discard after..., Shake well.

18

Generic name: clarithromycin

Brand name: Biaxin Days good after mixing: 14 days RT Auxiliary labels: Eat, Discard after..., Shake well.

19

Generic name: dirithromycin

Brand name: Dynabac Days good after mixing: Tablet only Auxiliary labels: Eat

20

Generic name: erythromycin

Brand name: Eryc, E-mycin, Ery-tab, Ilosone, EES, Erythrocin, Pediazole Days good after mixing: 14 fridge Auxiliary labels: Eat, Discard after..., Shake well.

21

Tetracyclines (TCN)

Fatal if expired. Will discolor teeth in under 8 year olds or pregnant. doxycycline minocycline tetracycline

22

Generic name: doxycycline

Brand name: Vibramycin Auxiliary label: Photosensitivity, No antacids, iron, calcium, Take on empty stomach

23

Generic name: minocycline

Brand name: Minocin Auxiliary label: Photosensitivity, No antacids, iron, calcium, Take on empty stomach

24

Generic name: tetracycline

Brand name: Achromycin, Sumycin Auxiliary label: Photosensitivity, No antacids, iron, calcium, Take on empty stomach

25

Sulfonamides (Sulfa drugs)

sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sulfasalazine sulfisoxazole

26

Generic name: sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim

Brand name: Bactrim or Septra No mixing Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Store at RT, Photosensitivity

27

Generic name: sulfasalazine

Brand name: Azulfidine Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Store at RT, Photosensitivity

28

Generic name: sulfisoxazole

Brand name: Gantrisin No mixing Auxiliary labels: Shake well, Store at RT, Photosensitivity

29

Quinolones

Dairy and antacids hinder these: ciprofloxacin levofloxacin moxifloxacin norfloxacin ofloxacin

30

Generic name: ciprofloxacin

Brand name: Cipro Auxiliary labels: No dairy, No antacids

31

Generic name: levofloxacin

Brand name: Levaquin Auxiliary labels: No dairy, No antacids

32

Generic name: moxifloxacin

Brand name: Avelox, Vigamox Auxiliary labels: No dairy, No antacids

33

Generic name: norfloxacin

Brand name: Noroxin Auxiliary labels: No dairy, No antacids

34

Generic name: ofloxacin

Brand name: Floxin, Ocuflox Auxiliary labels: No dairy, No antacids

35

Generic name: metronidazole

Brand name: Flagyl Auxiliary labels: No alcohol (in cough syrup, mouthwashes, marinated food), Take with food

36

Antifungals

amphotericin B ciclopirox clotrimazole clotrimazole/betamethasone fluconazole griseofulvin itraconazole ketoconazole miconazole nystatin terbinafine terconazaole

37

Generic name: amphotericin B

Brand name: Amphotec, Fungizone Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

38

Generic name: ciclopirox

Brand name: Loprox Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

39

Generic name: clotrimazole

Brand name: Lotrimin Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

40

Generic name: clotrimazole/betamethasone

Brand name: Lotrisone Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

41

Generic name: fluconazole

Brand name: Diflucan Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

42

Generic name: griseofulvin

Brand name: Grisactin, Gris-peg Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

43

Generic name: itraconazole

Brand name: Sporonox Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

44

Generic name: ketoconazole

Brand name: Nizoral Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

45

Generic name: miconazole

Brand name: Monistat Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

46

Generic name: nystatin

Brand name: Nystatin Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

47

Generic name: terbinafine

Brand name: Lamisil Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

48

Generic name: terconazaole

Brand name: Terazol Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2-week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin.

49

Topical corticosteroids

betamethasone dexamethasone hydrocortisone clobetasol fluocinolone fluocinonide momethasone triamcinolone

50

Generic name: betamethasone

Brand name: Diprolene, Valisone Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

51

Generic name: dexamethasone

Brand name: Topicort Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

52

Generic name: hydrocortisone

Brand name: Hytone Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

53

Generic name: clobetasol

Brand name: Temovate Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

54

Generic name: fluocinolone

Brand name: Synalar Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

55

Generic name: fluocinonide

Brand name: Lidex Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

56

Generic name: momethasone

Brand name: Elocon Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

57

Generic name: triamcinolone

Brand name: Aristocort, Kenalog Auxiliary labels/Concerns: Max dose is 40-50g in one week, cannot be used more than a 2 week period due to absorption and thinning of the skin

58

Generic name: mupirocin

Brand name: Bactroban It's like an antibiotic ointment