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Flashcards in Anatomy- Angiology Deck (47)
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1

Where does the subclavian artery turn into the axillary artery?

at the lateral border of the first rib

2

At what level of the spine does the vertebral artery enter the transverse foramen?

C6

3

What are 2 sources of blood to the CNS?

The vertebral artery, the internal carotid

4

What does the common carotid ascend the neck with?

internal jugular vein, vagus nerve

5

What happens to the common carotid artery between the hyoid bone and the upper thyroid cartilage?

bifurcates into internal and external carotids

6

What artery supplies all the visceral, musculoskeletal and dental structures of the head and neck (apart from brain and orbit)?

the external carotid artery

7

What artery supplies the orbit? Where does it come from?

ophthalmic artery, a branch of the internal carotid

8

What is the terminal branch of the external carotid artery?

the superficial temporal

9

What is a major source of blood for deep skull cavity, part of the orbit, teeth, muscles of mastication and the dura mater?

Maxillary artery

10

What supplies the anterior part of the brain?

the internal carotid

11

What do the 2 vertebral arteries form?

The basilar artery

12

What supplies the posterior part of the brain?

the basilar artery from the 2 vertebral arteries

13

What are the main arteries and branches off of the circle of Willis?

Anterior communicating--> anterior cerebral--> middle cerebral branches off--> anterior choroidal branches off--> posterior communicating--> posterior cerebral

14

From what artery does the superior cerebellar branch?

Basilar

15

What branches off from the vertebral artery?

Posterior and anterior spinal arteries
Posterior inferior cerebellar

16

What branches off from the basilar artery?

Superior cerebellar, anterior and middle inferior cerebellar, laraynthine, pontine

17

What drains blood from the scalp and face?

External jugular

18

What drains blood from the brain, superficial face and neck?

Internal Jugular

19

Which jugular vein joins up with the subclavian vein?

External jugular

20

What do internal jugular and subclavian become?

Brachiocephalic vein

21

What travels superficial to the SCM?

External jugular

22

What structures in the dura mater collect venous blood from the brain?

sinuses

23

Where do the sinuses drain to?

The internal jugular vein

24

What structure drains blood from the brain?

cavernous sinus

25

What structure provides collateral blood flow through the head?

The pterygoid plexus

26

What vein travels on the radial side of the arm?

the cephalic vein

27

What vein travels on the ulnar side of the arm?

Basilic

28

What vein crosses the cubital fossa?

the median cubital

29

The basilic vein joins with what to form the inferior portion of the axillary vein?

the brachial vein

30

What merges into the popliteal vein?

anterior and posterior tibial veins

31

What veins drain into the popliteal vein?

anterior and posterior tibial veins, small saphenous vein

32

What does the popliteal vein become?

femoral vein

33

What drains into the femoral vein?

great saphenous vein

34

What vein travel from medial foot along the medial calf

saphenous vein

35

What vein begins from behind the medial malleolus and crosses the popliteal fossa?

small saphenous vein

36

What forms the portal vein?

superior mesenteric vein, splenic vein

37

How does blood drain from the liver?

via sinusoids into hepatic veins and into the inferior vena cava

38

What drains the greater curvature of the stomach, the spleen and pancreas?

the splenic vein

39

What drains the transverse and descending colon, sigmoid and rectum?

inferior mesenteric vein

40

Where does the inferior mesenteric vein drain?

into the splenic vein

41

What does the superior mesenteric vein drain?

small intestine, ascending colon

42

What lymphatic vessel drains the lower extremities?

cisterna chyli

43

What does the cistern chill flow into?

the thoracic duct

44

Where does the lymph of the right upper extremity and right neck flow?

into the right lymphatic duct

45

Where does the thoracic duct drain?

into the left subclavian vein

46

What makes up the central lymphatic tissue?

bone marrow, thymus

47

What makes up peripheral lymphoid tissue?

lymph nodes, peyers patches, appendix, tonsils, etc