Anatomy- Osteology and Arthrology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy- Osteology and Arthrology Deck (119)
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1

What U-shaped bone lies at the level of C3?

Hyoid

2

What bones make up the auditory ossicles?

Malleus, Uncus, Stapes

3

What bone forms the posterior portion of the hard palate?

Palatine bones

4

What prominence on the mandible forms the prominence of the chin?

Mental Protuberance

5

What nerve passes through the mandibular foramen?

Inferior alveolar nerve

6

What bone forms the posterior part of the nasal septum?

Vomer

7

What suture separates the frontal bone from the parietal bones?

Coronal suture

8

What is the easily palpable, external occipital protuberance on the medial plane between the inferior and superior nuchal lines of the occiput?

The inion

9

What is contained within the intervertabral foramen?

Spinal nerves
Intervertebral artery, vein, lymphatic channels
Adipose tissue
Peripheral nerve roots and meningeal sleeves

10

What vessels and nerves pass through the intervertebral foramen?

Intervertebral artery, veins, lymphatic channels, spinal nerves

11

What exits through the stylomastoid foramen?

The facial nerve

12

What passes through the mandibular foramen?

Inferior alveolar vessels and nerves

13

What passes through the mental foramen?

The mental nerve (branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve) and the mental artery

14

What passes through the foramen rotundum?

The maxillary nerve (V2, division of the trigeminal nerve)

15

What passes through the foramen ovale, located on the sphenoid bone?

The mandibular nerve (V3, division of the trigenimal nerve)

16

What passes through the supraorbital foramen?

The supraorbital nerve (A branch of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve)

17

What passes through the infraorbital foramen?

The infraorbital nerve (a branch of the maxillary division of the trigeminal n)

18

What passes through the transverse foramen?

the vertebral artery

19

What passes through the optic canal?

optic nerve (CN II)
Opthalmic artery

20

What makes up a typical vertebra?

Vertebral body
2 pedicles
2 lamina
2 TPs, 4 articular processes, 1 SP

21

Which are the true/movable vertebrae?

cervicals, Thoracics, lumbars

22

What are the false/fixed vertebrae?

sacrum, coccyx

23

What forms the boundary for the intervertebral foramen?

Superior and inferior vertebral notch

24

Where does head flexion take place?

Between the atlas and the occiput

25

Where does head rotation take place?

Between the atlas and the axis

26

What ligament spans the inside of the vertebral foramen on the posterior side?

ligamentum flavum

27

Which of the cervical vertebrae are atypical?

C1, C2, C7

28

Which of the thoracic vertebrae are atypical?

T1, 9, 10, 11, 12

29

Which of the lumbar vertebrae are atypical?

L5

30

Which sections of the spine make up the primary curve of the spine?

Thoracic and pelvic curves (kyphotic)

31

Which sections of the spine make up the secondary curve of the spine?

cervical, lumbar (lordosis)

32

What type of curve is the lordotic curve?

secondary

33

What type of curve is the kyphotic curve?

primary

34

How many true ribs are there?

7

35

What constitutes a true rib?

The first 7 ribs that are attached to the sternum by their own costal cartilage

36

Which ribs are called vertebrochondral ribs?

Ribs 8, 9, 10

37

Which ribs are typical ribs?

Ribs 3-9

38

What constitutes a typical rib?

Contain a head, tubercle ad shaft

39

Which is the most curved, broadest and shortest rib?

Rib 1

40

Which ribs have only one facet each on their heads?

Ribs 10 and 12

41

What structure gives elasticity to the thoracic wall?

costal cartilage

42

What part of the sternum lies at the level of T3/T4?

Manubrium

43

What portion of the sternum lies at the level of T10?

Xyphoid

44

What joint forms the junction of the xiphoid and the the sternum?

Xiphisternal joint

45

What are the three angles of the scapula?

Inferior, superior and lateral angles

46

What are the 4 fossa on the scapula?

supraspinatous fossa
infraspinatous fossa
subscapular fossa
glenoid cavity

47

What are the 2 tubercles on the scapula that are superior and inferior of the glenoid cavity?

supraglenoid tubercle
infraglenoid tubercle

48

What lateral continuation of the spine of the scapula articulates with the clavicle?

Acromion

49

What 2 ligaments make up the capsular ligaments of the shoulder?

coracohumeral ligament
glenohumeral ligament

50

What is the chief bracing ligament of the lacrimal end of the clavicle?

coracoclavicular ligament

51

What ligament prevents superior displacement of the humeral head?

coracoacromial

52

What provides main stability for the glenohumeral joint?

rotator cuff tendons

53

What muscles make up the rotator cuff?

supraspinatous
infraspinatous
teres minor
subscapularis

54

What ligament of the elbow does the ulnar nerve pass through?

The ulnar collateral ligament

55

What ligament holds the head of the radius in position in the proximal radioulnar joint?

annular ligament

56

The radius articulates with which 3 carpal bones?

scaphoid, lunate, triquetral

57

What ligament attaches to the ulnar styloid process and the radius to provide support for the distal radioulnar joint and preventing the ulna from touching the wrist joint?

articular disc

58

Which bone of the forearm takes on the weight bearing function in the wrist?

radius

59

Which ligament prevents hyperextension of the knee?

ACL (anterior cruciate ligament)

60

Which ligament prevents posterior displacement of the femur on the tibia?

ACL

61

Which ligament prevents anterior displacement of the femur on the tibia?

Posterior cruciate ligament

62

Which of the collateral ligaments is attached to the menisci in the knee?

The medial meniscus is attached to the tibial/medial collateral ligament

63

Which ligaments of the knee limit side to side movement?

collateral ligaments

64

Which bursa of the knee facilitates full flexion and extension?

suprapatellar

65

Which bursa of the knee is associated with house maids knee?

subcutaneous prepatellar bursa

66

Which bursa is associated with clergyman knee?

subcutaneous infrapatellar bursa

67

What bones are joined by the spring ligament?

calcaneous and navicular (medial foot)

68

What ligament prevents the talus from wedging bones apart?

the spring ligament

69

The ankle/talocrural joint is supported by what ligament on the medial side?

the deltoid ligament

70

What ligaments support the lateral aspect of the talocrural/ankle joint?

Anterior, posterior talofibular ligaments, calcaneofibular ligaments

71

During what movement is the ankle most unstable?

during plantarflexion

72

Which ligaments are most likely to be injured with forced inversion?

anterior, posterior talofibular ligaments, calcaneofibular ligaments

73

Which of the talofibular ligaments is least likely to tear?

posterior talofibular lig

74

Inversion and eversion of the ankle occurs at which joints?

talocalcaneonavicular joint
talocalcaneal joint

75

What ligament supports the longitudinal arch?

spring ligament

76

What is an example of a syndesmosis joint?

tibiofibular joint

77

What is an example of a plane/gliding/arthrodial joint?

acromioclavicular, calcaneocuboidal, carpometacarpal, intercarpals

78

What is an example of a hinge joint?

elbow, talocrural, interphalageal, mandible, knee

79

What is an example of a condylar joint?

Metacarpophalangeal

80

What is an example of a ball and socket joint?

Hip, Shoulder

81

What is an example of an ellipsoidal joint?

Wrist

82

What is an example of a pivot/trochoid joint?

distal radio/ulnar, atlas/axis

83

What is an example of a saddle joint?

carpometacarpo joint of the thumb (between trapezius and MC1)

84

What is an example of a symphysis joint?

pubis symphysis

85

What are the articular surfaces involved in TMJ?

Head of condylar process of the mandible, articulates with the mandibular fossa and articular tubercle of the temporal bone

86

What ligament limits posterior movement of the TMJ?

lateral temperomandibular ligament

87

What muscles open the mouth?

digastric, lateral pterygoid

88

What muscles close the mouth?

temporalis, masseter, medial pterygoid

89

What penetrates the atlanto-occipital membrane?

1st cervical nerve, vertebral artery

90

What ligament holds the dens in ventral position?

cruciform lig

91

What ligament prevents full rotation of the head?

alar ligament

92

What ligament is found on the dorsal surface of the inside of the vertebral foramen?

ligamentum flavum

93

What ligaments join tips of vertebral spines?

supraspinous ligs

94

What ligaments span between vertebral spines?

interspinous ligs

95

How many articulations are there between typical rib and vertebrae?

3
head of rib articulates with 2 vertebral bodies
tubercle on neck of rib articulates with 1 TVP

96

What is an example of a synchondrosis type of joint?

1st rib abd sternum
sternomanubrial joint

97

What ligament attaches to the tibial tuberosity?

the patellar ligament

98

Where is the 1st intervertebral disc found?

Between C2 and C3

99

Which fingers have sesamoid bones?

1, 2, 5

100

Which toe has sesamoid bones?

Big toe (hallucis)

101

Ligament of the head of the femur is also known as what?

Ligamentum teres

102

The inion is associated with which bone?

occiput

103

Which bone of the skull has the styloid process?

the temporal bone

104

How many true ribs are there?

7

105

How many floating ribs are there?

2

106

Superior displacement of the humerus will likely damage what ligament?

the acromioclavicular ligament

107

What part of a rib articulates with the TVP?

the tubercle on the neck of the rib

108

What part of a rib forms two attachments with the vertebral body?

the head of the rib

109

What ligament is involved with the head of the rib connecting with the vertebral body?

the radiate ligament

110

What type of joint is a cranial suture?

synarthroid

111

What bones make up the hard palate?

palatine bone
maxilla

112

What type of joint forms the fibrous union between the radius and the ulna?

syndesmosis joint

113

What type of joint do you find in the inter metacarpal joint?

planar joint

114

What type of joint forms the elbow joint?

Hinge

115

What type of joint makes up the knee joint?

Condylar

116

The head of the femur fitting into the acetabulum in the hip forms what kind of joint?

Ellipsoidal

117

Fibrous joints that are either immovable or barely movable are classified as what type of joint?

synarthroses

118

What type of joint is united by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage?

cartilagenous joint

119

What type of joint is united by an articular capsule and allows free motion in at least one axis?

synovial or diarthrodial joint