Anatomy-Myology Flashcards Preview

NPLEX I > Anatomy-Myology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy-Myology Deck (85)
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1

What does the orbicularis coulee muscle do?

closes the eye

2

What muscle elevates, adducts and rotates the eyeball medially?

superior rectus

3

What muscle depresses, adducts and rotates the eyeball medially?

inferior rectus

4

What muscle abducts the eyeball?

lateral rectus

5

What muscle adducts the eyeball?

medial rectus

6

What muscle abducts, depresses and rotates the eyeball medially?

superior oblique

7

What muscle abducts, elevates and rotates the eyeball laterally?

inferior oblique

8

What muscle elevates the upper eyelid?

levator palpebrae

9

What eye muscles are innervated by CN III?

Superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, inferior oblique, levator palpebrae

10

What eye muscles are innervated by CN IV?

Superior oblique

11

What muscles are innervated by CN VI?

Lateral rectus

12

What 2 muscles open the mouth?

digastric, lateral pterygoid

13

What 3 muscles close the mouth?

medial pterygoid, masseter, temporalis

14

CN VII, the facial nerve, has partial innervation of which muscles of mastication?

digastric

15

What is the main nerve for muscles of mastication?

CN V, trigeminal

16

What are the functions of the SCM?

rotation, flexion, lateral flexion of the head/neck

17

What muscles make up the supra hyoid group?

stylohyoid, digastric, myolohyoid, geniohyoid

18

What muscles make up the infra hyoid group?

sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid, omohyoid

19

What group of muscles depresses the larynx and hyoid bone?

infrahyoids

20

What groups of muscles raises the larynx and hyoid bone?

suprahyoids

21

What muscle of the neck connects the cervical vertebrae?

longus colli

22

Which of the prevertebral muscles attach atlas to occiput?

rectus capitis anterior, rectus capitis lateralis

23

What suboccipital muscles attach the atlas to the occiput?

rectus capitis posterior minor, superior oblique

24

What suboccipital muscles attach the axis to the occiput?

rectus capitis posterior major

25

What suboccipital muscle attaches atlas to axis?

inferior oblique

26

What muscles make the erector spine group?

spinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis

27

What muscles make up the transversospinalis group?

semispinalis, multifides, rotatores

28

What muscles flex the neck?

longus colli, longus capitis, rectus capitis anterior

29

What muscle laterally flexes the head?

rectus capitis lateralis

30

What muscles raise the ribs causing inhalation?

external intercostals