Flashcards in Biochemistry- Nutritional Chemistry Deck (60)
Vitamin B1 is known as what?
Vitamin B2 is known as what?
Vitamin B3 is known as what?
Niacin/ nicotinic acid
Vitamin B5 is known as what?
Vitamin B6 is known as what?
Vitamin B12 is known as what?
What is the active form of B1/thiamin called?
Vitamin B1 requires what mineral?
Transketolase in the hexose shunt requires what vitamin?
Oxidative carboxylation in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex needs what vitamin?
Where is B1 absorbed?
FAD and FMN are active constituents of what vitamin?
Where is riboflavin absorbed?
What vitamins are used in oxidation-reduction reactions/ electron transfer reactions (dehydrogenase enzymes)
B3 and B2 (niacin and riboflavin)
What form of niacin is used in synthesis pathways?
NAD and NADH are the oxidized and reduced forms of what vitamin?
What amino acid can form niacin?
What is the active form of pantothenic acid/B5?
Where is B5/Pantothenic acid absorbed?
Intestinal mucosa/ brush border
Which vitamin is essential for reactions using CoA?
Pyridoxal phosphate is the active form of what vitamin?
What mineral is needed to activate B6?
What vitamin plays a role in transamination reactions?
Which vitamin is essential for nucleotide synthesis and for single carbon transfers?
What vitamin serves as CO2 carrier in carboxylation reactions?
What vitamin is needed as a cofactor to activate folic acid?
What is the first active form of B12?
List some of the biochemical activities of Vitamin C
cofactor for hydroxylation reactions eg. proline, dopamine and NE/Epi synthesis
Enhances Iron mobilization, Bile acid formation
influence on cholesterol metabolism
What is the active form of Vitamin A in the blood?