Flashcards in Anderson Repro Deck (41)
What is the remnant of the uterus in a male?
What are the three part of the urethra?
Bladder/trigone - internal urethral meatus, prostatic urethra, membranous urethra
T/F: Corpus spongiosum and glans are the same tissue.
What converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone(DHT)?
5alpha-reductase (requires NADPH)
What cell is affected by LH? What cell is affected by FSH?
LH - Leydig cell - produce testosterone
FSH - Sertoli cell - maintain seminiferous epithelium
T/F: DHT is responsible for external genitalia maturation at puberty.
MC cause of urethritis
Cryptorchidism increases the risk for ____________.
Infertility and testicular cancer
Name the swelling:
scrotal varicosity, bag of worms
accumulation of serous fluid, transillum
blood in scrotal sac, dt trauma, does not transillum
m/c tumor with cryptorchidism
What types of HPV are assoc with cervical cancer?
16, 18 and 31, 33
Painless bleeding after intercourse is an indicator for what condition.
Squamous cell cervical cancer
Name the hormone:
Trophic to endometrium
MC tumor in women
MC invasive cancer of female tract
Uterine adenocarcinoma - postmenopausal women starts bleeding
Androgen excess, young women, menstrual disorder, infertility, string of pearls sign, hirsuitism
What are SSX of ovarian cancer? What marker is seen in 80% of cases?
Asymptomatic or GI sx
What converts testosterone to estradiol?
aromatase - high levels in ovaries
T/F: Progesterone is not thermogenic.
F - it is.
Fibrocystic breast dz vs. Fibroadenoma of the breast
Adenoma - mc benign tumor
Where does end of the maturation for the sperm occur?
How many meiotic divisions does sperm go through before fertilization? oocyte?
The last one occurs at fertilization.
How many sperm are yielded from one spermatocyte?
Put the fertilization steps in order: Morula, blastocyst, zygote.
Zygote - morula - blastocyst
Name the location:
Site of fertilization, become zygote
Superior/posterior uterine wall (day 20 of cycle)
What occurs during gastrulation?
Formation of the germ layers.
What comes out of these germ layers:
Nervous system, sensory apparatus, epidermis, appendages, post pit, adrenal medulla, mammary glands
Connective tissues, muscle, heart, blood, lymph, kidney, ovaries, spleen, adrenal cortex
Internal epithelial (gastro/resp), tonsils, thyroid, epithelial lining of bladder, urethra, auditory tube, liver, thymus
Name the germ layer:
What does not cross the placenta easily?
AA (some T3, T4 passes) and drugs with AA related structure
The anterior pituitary produces ________ while the post pituitary produces _______ during lactation.