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Flashcards in Anderson Repro Deck (41)
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1

What is the remnant of the uterus in a male?

Utricle

2

What are the three part of the urethra?

Bladder/trigone - internal urethral meatus, prostatic urethra, membranous urethra

3

T/F: Corpus spongiosum and glans are the same tissue.

T

4

What converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone(DHT)?

5alpha-reductase (requires NADPH)

5

What cell is affected by LH? What cell is affected by FSH?

LH - Leydig cell - produce testosterone
FSH - Sertoli cell - maintain seminiferous epithelium

6

T/F: DHT is responsible for external genitalia maturation at puberty.

T

7

MC cause of urethritis

GC

8

Cryptorchidism increases the risk for ____________.

Infertility and testicular cancer

9

Name the swelling:
scrotal varicosity, bag of worms
accumulation of serous fluid, transillum
blood in scrotal sac, dt trauma, does not transillum
m/c tumor with cryptorchidism

varicocele
hydrocele
hematocele/torsion
seminoma

10

What types of HPV are assoc with cervical cancer?

16, 18 and 31, 33

11

Painless bleeding after intercourse is an indicator for what condition.

Squamous cell cervical cancer

12

Name the hormone:
Trophic to endometrium
Maintains endometrium

Estrogen
Progesterone

13

MC tumor in women

Leiomyoma/Fibroid

14

MC invasive cancer of female tract

Uterine adenocarcinoma - postmenopausal women starts bleeding

15

Androgen excess, young women, menstrual disorder, infertility, string of pearls sign, hirsuitism

PCOS

16

What are SSX of ovarian cancer? What marker is seen in 80% of cases?

Asymptomatic or GI sx

CA-125

17

What converts testosterone to estradiol?

aromatase - high levels in ovaries

18

T/F: Progesterone is not thermogenic.

F - it is.

19

Fibrocystic breast dz vs. Fibroadenoma of the breast

Adenoma - mc benign tumor

20

Where does end of the maturation for the sperm occur?

Epididymis

21

How many meiotic divisions does sperm go through before fertilization? oocyte?

2
1

The last one occurs at fertilization.

22

How many sperm are yielded from one spermatocyte?

4

23

Put the fertilization steps in order: Morula, blastocyst, zygote.

Zygote - morula - blastocyst

24

Name the location:
Site of fertilization, become zygote
Becomes morula
Free blastocyst
Blastocyst attaches

Ampulla
Uterine tube
Uterus
Superior/posterior uterine wall (day 20 of cycle)

25

What occurs during gastrulation?

Formation of the germ layers.

26

What comes out of these germ layers:
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Endoderm

Nervous system, sensory apparatus, epidermis, appendages, post pit, adrenal medulla, mammary glands

Connective tissues, muscle, heart, blood, lymph, kidney, ovaries, spleen, adrenal cortex

Internal epithelial (gastro/resp), tonsils, thyroid, epithelial lining of bladder, urethra, auditory tube, liver, thymus

27

Name the germ layer:
Adrenal cortex
Adrenal medulla
Ant pit
Post pit

Meso
Ecto
Meso
Ecto

28

What does not cross the placenta easily?

AA (some T3, T4 passes) and drugs with AA related structure

29

The anterior pituitary produces ________ while the post pituitary produces _______ during lactation.

Prolactin
Oxytocin

30

T/F: hCG is highest in early pregnancy and then tapers off.

T