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Flashcards in Chamberlain Review Deck (53)
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1

At which spinal level does the spinal cord end? The dural sac?

L2
S2

2

What happens to the notochord in the adult? What happens to the neural tube?

Nucleus pulposus of disc
Becomes the ventricles and central canal of spinal cord.

3

The neural crest cells go on to form what?

The peripheral nervous system

4

What are the muscles supplied by the radial nerve? (BEST)

Brachioradialis (perfect for holding beer), extensors, supinators, triceps

5

The radius articulates with which carpal bones?

Scaphoid, lunate, and triquetrum

6

What are the landmarks of the anatomical snuffbox?

Extensor pollicis longus and brevis

7

What are the muscles supplied by median nerve? (L(L)OAF)

Lumbricals 1 & 2 (LL)
Opponens pollicis
Abductor pollicis brevis
Flexor pollicis brevis

8

Intrinsic muscles of the hand: All for one and one for all.

Thenar: Abductor pollicis longus, Flexor pollicis brevis, Opponens pollicis, Adductor pollicis brevis

Hypothenar: Opponens digit minimi, flexor digiti minimi, abductor digiti minimi

9

Where does flexor digitorum superficialis (middle layer) and flexor digitorum profundus (deep layer) insert?

Superficialis, splits and inserts on middle phalanges
Profundus, inserts in distal phalanges (deep layer)

10

Insertions on the extensor side of the hand begin where?

At the MCP, the extensor expansion

11

Name the condition: Chronic irritation causes a nodule to form along the flexor tendons preventing smooth action of the tendon and may lock finger in flexed position.

Trigger finger

12

Name the condition: lost extensor connection to distal phalanx, can't extend distal phalanx

Mallet deformity

13

What do the the palmar and dorsal interossei do?

PAD
DAP

14

Name the hand deformity for the lesion:
Radial n.
Ulnar n.
Median n.

Drop
Claw
Ape hand/Apostol - loss of flexion of metacarpal 1,2,3, weak flexion of 4, 5, can't bring thumb and pinky to touch.

15

Name the hand fracture:
FOOSH on extended hand
FOOSH on flexed hand

Colle's - dinner fork deformity
Smith's

16

The neural crest cells go on to form what structures?

CAlifornia MOTEL PASS:
Craniofacial structures
Arachnoid, pia
Melanocytes
Odontoblasts
Tracheal cartilage
Enterochromaffin cells - Adrenal medulla
Laryngeal cartilage
Parafollicular C cells/Pseudounipolar cells
All ganglia
Schwann cells
Spiral septum -Aorticopulmonary septum

17

Describe the SSX of neurofibromatosis type 1.

Cafe au lait, iris pigmentation (lisch nodules), neurofibromas

18

The alar (sensory) plate becomes the _____ horn. The basal (motor) plate becomes the ____ horn.

dorsal
ventral

19

Remnants of Rathke's pouch may give rise to what condition?

Craniopharyngioma

20

What are the functions of the following areas of the nucleus:
Superchiasmatic
Paraventricular
Anterior
Posterior
Lateral
Medial

Circadian rhythm
Oxytocin release
Cooling (radiator)
Heating (exhaust)
Hunger (gas cap)
Satiety (gas tank)

21

MC form of spina bifida.

Occulta - hair
Spinous process terminates at a higher level.

22

What maternal serum level is elevated with neural tube defects?

Alpha-feto protein

23

Know the ossification ages: (Every potential anatomist should know when)
Elbow
Pelvis, Ankle
Shoulder, Knee
Wrist

16
17
18
19

24

Branchial plexus runs from what vertebral levels?

C5-T1

25

What n. innervates supra and infra spinatus?

Suprascapular n.

26

What is the first branch off of the aorta?

Coronary arteries

27

Which side is the brachiocelphalic?

Right.

ABCS - Aortic arch gives Brachiocephalic trunk, Common Carotid, Subclavian

28

What do the following give rise to:
Pharyngeal groove 1
1st Arch

External auditory meatus - you hear groovy music
Maxilla/mandible

29

Which pharyngeal pouches give rise to:
Inferior parathyroid glands and thymus
Superior parathyroid glands

3
4

30

Name the rotator cuff muscles (SITS).

Subscapularis
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Supraspinatus