Flashcards in Aneurysms and Carotid Artery Surgery Deck (20):
What is an aortic aneurysm?
A swelling of the aorta
How large does a swell have to be to count as an aortic aneurysm? (2)
Exceeds 3cm or 50% increase
Where do the majority of aortic aneurysms occur?
Infra-renal (below the kidney)
What does a fusiform aneurysm look like?
What does a saccular aneurysm look like?
At what age is it more likely to get an AAA?
What are 4 clinical risk factors for AAA?
Ischaemic heart disease
What are 3 social risk factors for AAA?
What happens to the risk of rupture as the aneurysm size increases?
It increases exponentially
What preoperative investigations could you perform to check a patients fitness before surgery? (5)
Pulmonary function test
Cardiac perfusion scan
What invasive operation is performed for AAA?
What are the 2 types of graft?
What are 3 postoperative complications of graft placement surgery for AAA?
What is a less invasive procedure for AAA?
What does endovascular repair involve?
A catheter is inserted towards the aorta where it releases a expandable stent as it is pulled out
What are 3 postop problems than can occur after endovascular repair?
Fragmentation of device
Migration of stent
What are 3 symptoms of an emergency presentation of AAA?
Severe back pain
What is considered an emergency presentation go AAA?
If it is ruptured
What scan should be performed on AAA till it reaches 5.5cm?