Flashcards in Arterial Limb Diseases Deck (17):
What is the main symptom of chronic limb iscahemia?
What is intermittent claudication?
Cramp-like muscle pain in legs during exercise
What is the main differences of critical limb ischaemia compared to chronic? (2)
Pain on rest
Ulceration and gangrene
How do you measure the ankle brachial pressure index?
Ankle pressure/brachial pressure
What 3 investigations used in the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease?
What disease can peripheral arterial disease lead to?
Coronary heart disease
What are 4 risk factors for hypertension?
What 3 drugs are used to reduce the risk factors of claudicants?
What 4 processes to statins inhibit?
What non invasive therapy can be used to treat intermittent claudication?
What procedure is performed for intermittent claudication if therapy is unsuccessful?
At what absolute ankle pressure is it critical limb ischaemia?
What are the main 2 causes of acute limb ischaemia and how do you differentiate?
Thrombosis (atrial fibrillation)
What investigations should be performed if acute limb ischaemia is suspected? (3)
If the patient has acute limb ischaemia caused by an embolus, what action should be taken?
Surgery as soon as possible
What drug should be given as 1st line treatment for acute limb ischaemia?