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Jamie Cardiovascular Pathology > Aortic Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aortic Disease Deck (15):
1

What is an aortic dissection?

A tear in the inner wall of the aorta that allowsblood to force the walls apart

2

What course of action should be taken if the patient has an acute aortic dissection?

Immediate surgical intervention

3

What are 4 conditions that can precede aortic dissection

Hypertension
Atherosclerosis
Marfan's syndrome
Trauma

4

What are 3 consequences of aortic dissection?

Occlusion of arterial branches
Rupture (either back into lumen or externally into the pericardium)
Dilation of ascending aorta leading to aortic regurgitation

5

What is the the primary course of treatment for aortic dissection?

Surgery

6

What is the the secondary course of treatment for aortic dissection?

BP control (sodium nitroprusside and beta blocker)

7

What is Takayasu's arteritis?

Granulomatous inflammation of the aorta and its major branches

8

Is Takayasu's arteritis more common in males or females

Females

9

What are 4 of the consequences of Takayasu's arteritis?

Stenosis
Thrombosis
Aneurysms
Renal artery stenosis

10

What type of drug is used to treat Takayasu's arteritis?

Steroids

11

What is Syphilis?

A sexually transmitted bacterial infection which can have fatal effects in later life

12

What bacteria is Syphilis spread by?

Treponema pallidum

13

What form of medication given should be given in early stages of Syphilis to prevent late stage problems?

Antibiotics

14

What are 3 of the late stage consequences of Syphilis if no early treatment is given?

Cardiac syphilis
Late neuro-syphilis
Gummatous syphilis

15

What are 2 of the conditions that cardiac syphilis can develop into?

Syphilitic aortitis
Aortic regurgitation