Flashcards in Aortic Disease Deck (15):
What is an aortic dissection?
A tear in the inner wall of the aorta that allowsblood to force the walls apart
What course of action should be taken if the patient has an acute aortic dissection?
Immediate surgical intervention
What are 4 conditions that can precede aortic dissection
What are 3 consequences of aortic dissection?
Occlusion of arterial branches
Rupture (either back into lumen or externally into the pericardium)
Dilation of ascending aorta leading to aortic regurgitation
What is the the primary course of treatment for aortic dissection?
What is the the secondary course of treatment for aortic dissection?
BP control (sodium nitroprusside and beta blocker)
What is Takayasu's arteritis?
Granulomatous inflammation of the aorta and its major branches
Is Takayasu's arteritis more common in males or females
What are 4 of the consequences of Takayasu's arteritis?
Renal artery stenosis
What type of drug is used to treat Takayasu's arteritis?
What is Syphilis?
A sexually transmitted bacterial infection which can have fatal effects in later life
What bacteria is Syphilis spread by?
What form of medication given should be given in early stages of Syphilis to prevent late stage problems?
What are 3 of the late stage consequences of Syphilis if no early treatment is given?