Venous and Lymphatic Disease Flashcards Preview

Jamie Cardiovascular Pathology > Venous and Lymphatic Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Venous and Lymphatic Disease Deck (16):
1

What are varicose veins?

Dilated superficial veins

2

What is the primary cause of varicose veins?

Valvular dysfunction

3

What are the 2 main sites for varicose veins?

Long saphenous
Short saphenous

4

What are 4 symptoms and signs of varicose veins?

Discomfort in the leg (localised or general)
Nocturnal cramps
Swelling
Acute haemorrhage
Pruritus (itching)
Skin changes

5

What condition is closely related to varicose veins?

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

6

What are 3 indications for intervention for varicose veins?

Superficial thrombophlebiits
Chronic venous insufficiency
Bleeding

7

What are 3 treatment options for varicose veins?

Surgery (superficial venous surgery)
Sclerotherapy (injection)
Compression

8

What are 3 contra-indications for surgical intervention of varicose veins?

Previous DVT
Arterial insufficiency
Morbid obesity

9

What are 2 common complications of varicose vein surgery?

Minor haemorrhage
Haematoma

10

What are 3 minimally invasive treatments for varicose veins?

Foam sclerotherapy
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA)
Radiofrequency ablation

11

What is chronic venous insufficiency?

A condition that makes it difficult for blood to return to the heart from the legs due to problems with the veins. This causes blood to collect in these veins,

12

What is the pooling of blood in the veins called?

Stasis

13

What are 4 signs and symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency?

Ankle oedema
Venous eczema
Venous ulceration
Talangectasia (spider veins)

14

The failure of what can cause chronic venous insufficiency?

Calf muscle pump

15

What are the 2 investigations that can be performed to diagnose a leg ulcer?

ABPI
Duplex

16

What is the main treatment option for chronic venous insufficiency and lymphoedema?

Compression therapy