Flashcards in Anger and Aggression Deck (10):
an emotional states that varies in intensity from mild irritation to intense fury and rage. It is accompanied by psychological and biological changes ex. increased HR and BP and levels of hormones such as epinephrine and norepinepherine.
a behavior intended to threaten or injure the victim's security or self esteem. ("to go against", "to assault" or "attack")
a normal, healthy emotion(not a primary emotion) that serves as a warning signal and alerts us to potential threat or trauma.
can be either positive or negative, and is one of the strongest forms of learning. Children learn to model the behavior at a very early age after their primary caregivers, usually parents.
This occurs when a specific behavior is reinforced. Could be either positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement.
Ex. a child throws a temper tantrum and the parent gives in then they are positively reinforcing the child's behavior.
High rates of violence exist within this subculture in the U.S
These environmental factors lead to aggression.
physical crowding, heat( moderate heat not extreme), alcohol, steroids, cocaine, amphetamines
the use of various techniques and strategies to control responses to anger-provoking situations. The goal is to reduce both the emotional feelings and the physiological arousal that anger engenders.
Anger has been identified to be part of this process. Individuals who become fixed in this stage may become depressed.