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Flashcards in Behavior therapy Deck (12):

When the reinforcing stimulus increases the probability that the behavior will recur.

positive reinforcement


increasing the probability that a behavior will occur by REMOVAL of an undesirable reinforcing stimulus.

negative reinforcement


A stimulus that follows a behavioral response that DECREASES the probability the behavior will recur.

aversive stimulus


stimuli that precede the behavioral response and predict that a particular reinforcement will occur.

discriminative stimuli


A form of psychotherapy, the goal of which is to modify maladaptive behavior patterns by reinforcing more adaptive behaviors.

behavior therapy


-modeling( can be adaptive or mal-)
-premack principle
-contingency contracting
-token economy
-time out
-reciprocal inhibition
-overt sensitization
-covert sensitization
-systematic desensitization

techniques for modifying client behavior


A type of contingency contracting in which the reinforcers for desired behaviors are presented in the form of tokens.
such as tokens to buy a snack or cigs.

token economy


Also called counter conditioning. It decreases or eliminates a behavior by introducing a more adaptive behavior, but one that is incompatible with the unacceptable behavior.
ex. practicing relaxation in the presence of anxiety.

Reciprocal inhibition


A type of aversion therapy that produces unpleasant consequences for undesirable behavior.
ex. taking disulfram( Antabuse) to stop drinking

overt sensitization


relies on the individual's imagination to produce unpleasant symptoms rather than on medication.

covert sensitization


a technique to help individuals overcome fear.
ex. afraid of the elevator
-discuss riding it
-looking a picture of it
and eventually riding it

systematic desensitization


sometimes called implosive therapy. It is like systematic desensitization, but instead of working up to it the individual is flooded with continuous presentation of the phobic stimulus.