Flashcards in Psychobiology Deck (26):
hormone found in the posterior pituitary gland conserves body water and maintains normal blood pressure.
called the "master gland". It controls endocrine function and stores ADH and oxytocin
the pituitary gland
includes Norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and histamine
controls mood, cognition, perception, locomotion, cardiovascular functioning, sleep and arousal.
too much-mania, anxiety, schizophrenia
controls movement and coordination, emotions, voluntary judgement, release of prolactin.
too little- Parkinson's
too much-Mania and schizophrenia
sleep, arousal, libido,appetite, mood, aggression, pain perception, coordination,judgment
too little- depression
too much -anxiety
Calming effect, slowdown of body activity
too little-Huntington's disease, anxiety, schizophrenia, and various forms of epilepsy
modulation of pain, feel good hormones
Cholinergic that functions in sleep, arousal, pain perception, movement, and memory.
too little- Alzheimer's, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's
too much- depression
integrates all sensory input (except smell) on way to cortex, some involvement with emotions, and mood.
regulates anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary gland; exerts control over actions of ANS, regulates appetite, and temperature.
Responsible for visual, auditory, and balance("righting") reflexes.
Mesencephalon which is in the Midbrain
Regulation of respiration and skeletal muscle tone;
contains vital centers that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration; reflex center for swallowing, sneezing, coughing, and vomiting.
regulates muscle tone and coordination and maintains posture and equilibrium
Hearing, short-term memory, and sense of smell; expression of emotions
"emotional brain" associated with feelings of fear and anxiety;anger and aggression, love, joy, sexuality, social behavior.
Dominant in stressful situations and prepares the body for "fight or flight" response
chemicals that convey information across the synaptic clefts to neighboring target cells.
These meds are contraindicated in:
-Presence of Parkinson’s disease
-Liver, renal, cardiac insufficiency
-Caution in elderly, debilitated, diabetic, respiratory insufficiency, intestinal obstruction, prostatic hypertrophy
-Report any sore throat, fever or flu like symptoms
-Prepare for photosensitivity—sunglasses, hats/caps, SPF
-Rise slowly from sitting position
This class of anti-deppresants block re-uptake of serotonin.
-1st line drugs for patients beginning treatment
ex. Zoloft, Prozac
SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
blocks monamines which metabolize serotonin so there is more serotonin.
-high risk of hypertensive crisis
ex. Nardil, Marplan
block reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, blocks action of acetylcholine.
-1 week supply, don’t want to give them more than a 1 week supply, it can cause arrythmias
ex. Elavil, Sinequan
blocks the re-uptake of serotonin and norepinephrine.
ex. Effexor, and Cymbalta
SNRI (serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor