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Flashcards in Psychobiology Deck (26):
1

hormone found in the posterior pituitary gland conserves body water and maintains normal blood pressure.

ADH

2

called the "master gland". It controls endocrine function and stores ADH and oxytocin

the pituitary gland

3

includes Norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and histamine

Monoamines

4

controls mood, cognition, perception, locomotion, cardiovascular functioning, sleep and arousal.
too little-depression
too much-mania, anxiety, schizophrenia

Norepinephrine

5

controls movement and coordination, emotions, voluntary judgement, release of prolactin.
too little- Parkinson's
too much-Mania and schizophrenia

Dopamine

6

sleep, arousal, libido,appetite, mood, aggression, pain perception, coordination,judgment
too little- depression
too much -anxiety

serotonin

7

Calming effect, slowdown of body activity
too little-Huntington's disease, anxiety, schizophrenia, and various forms of epilepsy

GABA

8

modulation of pain, feel good hormones

endorphins

9

Cholinergic that functions in sleep, arousal, pain perception, movement, and memory.
too little- Alzheimer's, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's
too much- depression

Acetylcholine

10

integrates all sensory input (except smell) on way to cortex, some involvement with emotions, and mood.

Thalamus

11

regulates anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary gland; exerts control over actions of ANS, regulates appetite, and temperature.

hypothalamus

12

Responsible for visual, auditory, and balance("righting") reflexes.

Mesencephalon which is in the Midbrain

13

Regulation of respiration and skeletal muscle tone;

Pons

14

contains vital centers that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration; reflex center for swallowing, sneezing, coughing, and vomiting.

Medulla

15

regulates muscle tone and coordination and maintains posture and equilibrium

Cerebellum

16

Hearing, short-term memory, and sense of smell; expression of emotions

temporal lobe

17

"emotional brain" associated with feelings of fear and anxiety;anger and aggression, love, joy, sexuality, social behavior.

limbic system

18

Dominant in stressful situations and prepares the body for "fight or flight" response

SNS

19

chemicals that convey information across the synaptic clefts to neighboring target cells.

neurotransmitters

20

These meds are contraindicated in:
-Known hypersensitivity
-CNS depression
-Presence of Parkinson’s disease
-Liver, renal, cardiac insufficiency
-Caution in elderly, debilitated, diabetic, respiratory insufficiency, intestinal obstruction, prostatic hypertrophy

Antipsychotics

21

-Report any sore throat, fever or flu like symptoms
-Prepare for photosensitivity—sunglasses, hats/caps, SPF
-Rise slowly from sitting position

Antipsychotic teaching

22

This class of anti-deppresants block re-uptake of serotonin.
-1st line drugs for patients beginning treatment
ex. Zoloft, Prozac

SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)

23

blocks monamines which metabolize serotonin so there is more serotonin.
-high risk of hypertensive crisis
ex. Nardil, Marplan

MAOI's

24

block reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, blocks action of acetylcholine.
-1 week supply, don’t want to give them more than a 1 week supply, it can cause arrythmias
ex. Elavil, Sinequan

TCA's

25

blocks the re-uptake of serotonin and norepinephrine.
ex. Effexor, and Cymbalta

SNRI (serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor

26

-Applied to all antidepressants
-Increased suicidality ideations in patients under 25 years.
-Not associated with an increase in completed suicides

Black box warning