Cognitive therapy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cognitive therapy Deck (13):
1

a type of psychotherapy based on the concept of pathological mental processing.
-The focus of tx is on the modification of distorted cognitions and maladaptive behaviors.

cognitive therapy

2

A thinking error in which the person automatically comes to a conclusion about an incident without facts.

arbitrary inference

3

sweeping conclusions,"all or nothing" kind of thinking

overgeneralizations

4

all or nothing, black or white, good or bad

dichotomous thinking

5

"mental filter" a conclusion based on only a selected portion of hearing

selective abstraction

6

exaggerating the negative significance of an event

magnification

7

undervaluing the positive significance of an event

minimization

8

always thinking the worst will occur without considering the possibility of more positive outcomes

catastrophic thinking

9

the person takes complete responsibility for situations without considering that other circumstances may have contributes to the outcome.

personalization

10

also called guided discovery, the therapists asks questions about his or her situation.

socratic questioning

11

Also called core beliefs may be adaptive or maladaptive. They may be general or specific and they may be latent, becoming evident only when triggered.
-associated with helplessness, and unlovability

schemas

12

diadetic(educational), cognitive techniques, and behavioral interventions.

3 major components of cog. therapy

13

instructions and education given to the patient about cog. therapy. Patient is given reading assignments to enforce material.

diadetic(educational) aspects