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Y3 Reproductive > Antenatal Screening & Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antenatal Screening & Nutrition Deck (53)
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1

When should folic acid be supplemented in relation to pregnancy?

3 months pre conception + 1st trimester

2

What is the risk in folate deficiency?

Neural tube defects
(eg. spina bifida)

3

Offspring of mothers with a BMI >30 are more likely to be obese and have DM later in life. T or F

True

4

Osteomalacia, PET, GDM, caesarean, SGA, neonatal hypocalcaemia, asthma, neonatal infections and neonatal rickets are all associated with deficiency of what?

Vit D

5

When should vit D be supplemented in relation to pregnancy?

Pregnant + breastfeeding

6

Are multiparous or nulliparous women more at risk of iron deficiency?

Multiparous

7

Are young or old pregnant women more at risk of iron deficiency?

Young

8

What vitamin is a teratogen at high doses?

Vit A

9

What vitamin should be supplemented in CF?

Vit A

10

What is the additional calorie requirement in the 1st trimester?

Normal

11

What is the additional calorie requirement in the 2nd trimester?

Normal

12

What is the additional calorie requirement in the 3rd trimester?

+ 200 / day

13

What is the additional calorie requirement when breastfeeding for the 1st 6 months?

+ 640

14

Caffeine should be avoided in pregnant. T or F

True

15

Who is eligible for the healthy start scheme?

<18yr or on benefits - APAZ OTHERS???

16

What vitamins are responsible for erythropoiesis?

B vits

17

What is supplemented in the healthy start scheme?

Vit C, vit D, folic acid

18

What is the risk in CVS chorionic villus sampling? And what is its percentage likeliness?

2% miscarry

19

From what week gestation can CVS chorionic villus sampling be performed?

After 12wk

20

What is the risk in amniocentesis? And what is its percentage likeliness?

1% miscarry

21

From what week gestation can amniocentesis be performed?

After week 15

(GENETICS LECTURE SAID AFTER 16 WEEKS)

22

How do you calculate a due date?

Last menstrual period + 9mth + 7day

23

What % of births happen on the due date?

4%

24

In antenatal screening, when does the booking visit occur?

Around 12 weeks gestation

25

What is tested at the booking visit?

BMI
BP
Mental health screening
Urinalysis
US
Blood tests
Offer Down synd test
BG

26

What can be seen on ultrasound at the booking visit at 12 weeks?

Multiple pregnancy
Foetal heart beat confirms pregnancy

27

What blood tests are done at the 12 week booking visit?

HIV
HCV
HBV
Syphilis
ABO Rhesus
Blood group

28

At the 12 week booking visit ultrasound, an empty sac is a _____ until proven otherwise

ectopic

29

What blood tests screen for Down syndrome?

Blood tests AFP, hCG, UE3, inhibin A

30

How is Down syndrome screened for on US?

Neck skin fold / thickness