Male Repro Physiology Flashcards Preview

Y3 Reproductive > Male Repro Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Repro Physiology Deck (49)
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1

The seminal vesicles lie ____ to the prostate

Superior / above

2

What is the other name of the vas deferens?

Ductus deferens

3

What is the function of the vas D?

Concentrates and store sperm between the epididymis and ejaculatory duct

4

What are the components of the spermatic cord?

Vas D
Pampiniform plexus of veins
Testicular artery
DOUBLE CHECK THIS

5

The bulbourethral gland lies _____ to the prostate

Inferior / below

6

What is the function of the bulbourethral gland?

Secretes fluid to semen during arousal to neutralise acidity in vagina

7

What is the function of the seminal vesicles?

Secrete fructose rich fluid to semen - gives sperm energy to travel long distance

8

What part of the epididymis receives sperm?

Head

9

What is the tunica vaginalis?

A membrane covering the testis

10

What is the dartos muscle?

Smooth muscle of the scrotum

11

What smooth muscle is responsible for raising and lowering the testis?

Cremaster

12

Where is the cremaster muscle located?

Covers the testis and spermatic cord

13

What is the corpus spongiosum?

Erectile tissue of the penis surrounding the urethra

14

What is the corpus cavernosum?

Two masses of erectile tissue in the penis

15

What is used to measure testis size?

Orchidometer

16

What is the corpus albuginea?

Membrane covering both corpus cavernosum and testis

17

What is more superficial in the testis, the tunica albuginea or tunica vaginalis?

Tunica albuginea deep to tunica vaginalis

18

What is the function of the testis?

Spermatogenesis and androgen hormone production

19

Define androgens

Hormones responsible for male secondary sexual characteristics

20

What cells of the testis are responsible for androgen production?

Leydig cells

21

What is the main androgen?

Testosterone

22

Where do the testis develop?

Posterior abdominal wall

23

When do the testis descend?

Pre-birth

24

What is testis descent dependent on?

Testosterone

25

What part of the testis does spermatogenesis occur?

Seminiferous tubule

26

What environmental factor is spermatogenesis dependent on?

Low temperature - spermatogenesis cannot occur in abdo cavity

27

Testosterone is a catabolic steroid. T or F

False - anabolic steriod

28

"Body shape, deep voice, thick skin, libido, penile erection" are all examples of ______

Male secondary sexual characteristics

29

What is the name of a mature sperm cell?

Spermatozoon

30

What part of the sperm is the acrosome in?

Head