Female Gynae Physiology Flashcards Preview

Y3 Reproductive > Female Gynae Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Gynae Physiology Deck (98)
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1

What are the 2 main parts of the ovary?

Inner medulla
Outer cortex

2

What part of the ovary contains the follicles?

Inner medulla

3

What is the function of the ovaries?

Oogenesis and steroid hormone production

4

What hormones are produced by ovaries?

Estrogens, progestogens

5

What is oogenesis?

Ovum production
(ovum female gamete)

6

What type of epithelium lines ovaries?

Single layer cuboidal cells
(germinal epithelium)

7

What type of epithelium lines the ampulla?

Simple columnar epithelium

8

What type of epithelium lines the isthmus?

Secretory epithelium

9

What type of epithelium lines the uterus?

Secretory mucosa

10

What are the 3 layers of the uterus?

Endometrium
Myometrium
Perimetrium

11

What is the myometrium composed of?

Smooth muscle

12

What is the perimetrium composed of?

Loose connective tissue

13

What are the 2 layers of endometrium?

Superficial stratum functionalis
Deep stratum basilis

14

What type of epithelium lines the cervix?

Simple columnar epithelium with secretory mucous endocervical glands

(then transition zone)

15

What type of epithelium lines the vagina?

Stratified squamous
(no glands)

16

Is the vagina keratinized?

From hymen outwards

17

What is the clitoris composed of?

Corpora cavernosa X2

18

What type of epithelium lines the labia minora?

Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

19

What type of epithelium lines the labia majora?

Non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

20

What type of glands are found in the labia majora?

Apocrine glands

21

What type of glands are found in the labia minora?

Sebaceous glands

22

What is the name of the fat pad superficial to the pubis symphysis?

Mons pubis

23

What is menarche?

1st period

24

What triggers menarche?

Increasing GnRH

25

What age range does menarche occcur in?

10-16yr

26

What 2 cycles compose the menstrual cycle?

Ovarian and uterine cycle

27

How long does an average menstrual cycle last and how long is the range thats considered normal?

28day
21-35day

28

What day of the menstrual cycle does ovulation occur on?

Day 14

29

What are the 2 phases of the ovarian cycle and how long do they last?

Follicular phase day 1-14
Luteal phase day 14-28

30

Define menopause?

Last ever period