Anatomy Lecture 2 Female Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy Lecture 2 Female Deck (74)
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1

Is the vagina within the pelvic cavity or the perineum?

Superior vagina within pelvic cavity. Inferior vagina within perineum

2

Are Bartholin's glands within the pelvic cavity or the perineum?

Bartholin's glands are within the perineum

3

What separates the pelvic cavity and the perineum?

Levator ani muscle

4

The levator ani muscle is part of the _____

The levator ani muscle is part of the pelvic diaphragm

5

The _____ forms a roof over the pelvic organs

The parietal peritoneum forms a roof over the pelvic organs

6

Name the 2 pouches formed from parietal peritoneum over the pelvic organs

Vesico-uterine pouch
Recto-uterine pouch of Douglas

7

Name the most inferior point of the of the female peritoneal cavity

Recto-uterine pouch of Douglas

8

Name the procedure used to drain fluid from the recto-uterine pouch of Douglas

Culdocentesis

9

During a culdocentesis, a needle is placed through the _____ to access the recto-uterine pouch of Douglas

posterior fornix of the vagina

10

Name the 2 ligaments of the uterus

Broad ligament and round ligament

11

What is the broad ligament formed of?

Double layer of parietal peritoneum

12

What is the round ligament of the uterus formed of?

Embryological remnant

13

What are the attachments of the broad ligament of the uterus?

Lateral aspect of uterus to lateral walls and floor of pelvis

14

What are the attachments of the round ligament of the uterus?

Lateral aspects of uterus to superficial tissue of female peritoneum

15

What structure does the broad ligament of the uterus pass through?

Deep inguinal ring

16

Which uterine ligament functions to maintain the uterus in a midline position?

Broad ligament

17

The ____ ligament of the uterus contains within it the uterine tubes and the proximal part of the ____ ligament of the uterus

The BROAD ligament of the uterus contains within it the uterine tubes and the proximal part of the ROUND ligament of the uterus

18

Name the 3 layers of the uterus

Perimetrium
Myometrium
Endometrium

19

Name the 2 main parts of the uterus

Body and cervix (neck)

20

Where is the normal location of implantation?

Body of the uterus (anywhere else is ectopic pregnancy)

21

Weakness of the uterosacral ligament, endopelvic fascia and pelvic floor muscles can result in _____

(Inferior) uterine prolapse

22

Name the most common position of the uterus

Anteverted and anteflexed

23

Name the axises of the that help describe the position of the uterus

Axis of vagina
Axis of cervix
Axis of uterus

24

What is the angle of anteversion between?

Axis of vagina
Axis of cervix

25

What is the angle of anteflexion between?

Axis of cervix
Axis of uterus

26

In an anteverted uterus the _____ is tipped _____ relative to the axis of the vagina

In an anteverted uterus the CERVIX is tipped ANTERIORLY relative to the axis of the vagina

27

In an anteflexed uterus the _____ is tipped _____ relative to the axis of the cervix

In an anteflexed uterus the UTERUS is tipped ANTERIORLY relative to the axis of the cervix

28

Name the less common normal anatomical variation of the position of the uterus

Retroverted and retroflexed (tipped posteriorly)

29

The walls of the vagina are usually _____

collapsed

30

Where is the transition zone of the female reproductive system located? What are the types of epithelium here?

Secretory columnar epithelium of adult cervix transitions to squamous epithelium in vagina