Flashcards in Neonatology Deck (77)
Birth at less than 37 weeks gestation
How many weeks gestation is post-term? And what is the management of this?
Define low birth weight
Birth wt <2.5kg regardless of gestation
Define large birth weight
How many weeks gestation is extremely preterm?
23 - 27+6
How many weeks gestation is very preterm?
28 - 31+6
What is the risk in meconium aspiration?
What are the benefits of skin: skin contact?
Prevents hypothermia and increases breastfeeding success
What is the name of the condition that occurs when fetal lung fluid is retained?
Transient tachypnoea of the newborn
What is the Mx of transient tachypnoea of the newborn?
Resolves over 24hr
Why are premature babies at risk of hypoglycaemia?
Less glycogen stores
Surface area : body ratio
Vitamin K deficiency can cause what neonatal condition?
Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn
"Epicanthal folds, small eye openings, flat midface, upturned short nose, no philtrum, thin upper lip, low nasal bridge, minor ear anomalies, short palpebral fissures" is the presentation of what condition?
Fetal alcohol syndrome
What neonatal condition occurs when fetal circulation persists, causing a L>R shunt?
Persistent pulmonary HTN of newborn
"Thick RV, pulmonary stenosis, VSD, aorta connected to both ventricles" describes what condition?
Tetralogy of Fallot
"Abdominal contents (bowel) in thoracic cavity" describes what condition?
What is Potter's syndrome
Bilateral renal agenesis; causing oligohydramnio (no amniotic fluid)
What is microcephaly?
Small head circumference
What condition is being described?
-Severe abdo swelling
-Aetiology is rhesus disease or chromosomal
How does jejunal atresia present?
Bile stained vomit, initially keen to feed, abdo distends with time
What is seen on AXR in jejunal atresia?
Very distended prox bowel
What is the management of jejunal atresia?
An absent groin crease in a neonatal male is suspicious of?
(Scrotum also asymmetric)
What is the management of neonatal hernia?
How does meconium ileus present?
Big doughy abdo, vomiting, meconium delay
What condition is meconium ileus associated with?
What is seen on AXR with lower GI contrast in meconium ileus?
Small bowel distended with meconium (contrast doesn’t get that far)
What is the management of meconium ileus?
How does malrotation present?