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Y3 Reproductive > Neonatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neonatology Deck (77)
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1

Define preterm

Birth at less than 37 weeks gestation

2

How many weeks gestation is post-term? And what is the management of this?

>42 weeks
IOL

3

Define low birth weight

Birth wt <2.5kg regardless of gestation

4

Define large birth weight

>4.0kg

5

How many weeks gestation is extremely preterm?

23 - 27+6

6

How many weeks gestation is very preterm?

28 - 31+6

7

What is the risk in meconium aspiration?

Neonatal sepsis

8

What are the benefits of skin: skin contact?

Prevents hypothermia and increases breastfeeding success

9

What is the name of the condition that occurs when fetal lung fluid is retained?

Transient tachypnoea of the newborn

10

What is the Mx of transient tachypnoea of the newborn?

Resolves over 24hr

11

Why are premature babies at risk of hypoglycaemia?

Less glycogen stores
Surface area : body ratio

12

Vitamin K deficiency can cause what neonatal condition?

Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn

13

"Epicanthal folds, small eye openings, flat midface, upturned short nose, no philtrum, thin upper lip, low nasal bridge, minor ear anomalies, short palpebral fissures" is the presentation of what condition?

Fetal alcohol syndrome

14

What neonatal condition occurs when fetal circulation persists, causing a L>R shunt?

Persistent pulmonary HTN of newborn

15

"Thick RV, pulmonary stenosis, VSD, aorta connected to both ventricles" describes what condition?

Tetralogy of Fallot

16

"Abdominal contents (bowel) in thoracic cavity" describes what condition?

Diaphragmatic hernia

17

What is Potter's syndrome

Bilateral renal agenesis; causing oligohydramnio (no amniotic fluid)

18

What is microcephaly?

Small head circumference

19

What condition is being described?
-Severe abdo swelling
-Swollen liver
-Aetiology is rhesus disease or chromosomal

Hydrops fetalis

20

How does jejunal atresia present?

Bile stained vomit, initially keen to feed, abdo distends with time

21

What is seen on AXR in jejunal atresia?

Very distended prox bowel

22

What is the management of jejunal atresia?

Surgical

23

An absent groin crease in a neonatal male is suspicious of?

Hernia
(Scrotum also asymmetric)

24

What is the management of neonatal hernia?

Surgical

25

How does meconium ileus present?

Big doughy abdo, vomiting, meconium delay

26

What condition is meconium ileus associated with?

CF

27

What is seen on AXR with lower GI contrast in meconium ileus?

Soap sign
Small bowel distended with meconium (contrast doesn’t get that far)

28

What is the management of meconium ileus?

Surgical

29

How does malrotation present?

Green vomiting

30

What is seen on AXR with upper GI contrast in malrotation?

Low duodenal flexure + high caecum

(Due to twisted bowel)