Antibiotics Quick ID Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Antibiotics Quick ID Deck (53):
1

Methicillin

Penicillinase-resistant penicillin

*SE: interstitial nephritis

2

Nafcillin

Penicillinase-resistant penicillin

3

Dicloxacillin

Penicillinase-resistant penicillin

4

Oacillin

Penicillinase-resistant penicillin

5

Ampicillin

Aminopenicillin (penicillinase sensitive)

6

Amoxicillin

Aminopenicillin (penicillinase sensitive)

7

Ticarcillin

Antipseudomonal

8

Carbenicillin

Antipseudomonal

9

Piperacillin

Antipseudomonal

10

Clavulanic Acid

Beta-lactamase inhibitor

11

Sulbactam

Beta-lactamase inhibitor

12

Tazobactam

Beta-lactamase inhibitor

13

Cefazolin

1st generation cephalosporin

14

Cephalexin

1st generation cephalosporin

15

Cefoxitin

2nd generation cephalosporin

16

Cefaclor

2nd generation cephalosporin

17

Cefuroxime

2nd generation cephalosporin

18

Ceftriaxone

3rd generation cephalosporin

SE: meningitis, gonorrhea, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

19

Cefotaxime

3rd generation cephalosporin

20

Ceftazidime

3rd generation cephalosporin

21

Cefepime

4th generation cephalosporin

22

Aztreonam

Monobactam resistant to beta-lactamase; inhibits cell wall synthesis

23

Imipenem/Cilastatin

Broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase resistant carbapenem

24

Meropenem

Beta-lactamase resistant carbapenem

25

Vancomycin

Inhibit cell wall mucopeptide formation by binding D-ala-D-ala portion of cell wall precursors

26

Gentamicin

Aminoglycoside

27

Neomycin

Aminoglycoside

28

Amikacin

Aminoglycoside

29

Tobramycin

Aminoglycoside

30

Streptomycin

Aminoglycoside

31

Netilmicin

Aminoglycoside

32

Tetracycline

Tetracycline

33

Doxycycline

Tetracycline

34

Demeclocycline

Tetracycline; ADH antagonist

35

Minocycline

Tetracycline

36

Erythromycin

Macrolide

37

Azithromycin

Macrolide

38

Clarithromycin

Macrolide

39

Sulfamethoxazole

Sulfonamide

40

Sulfizoxazole

Sulfonamide

41

Sulfadiazine

Sulfonamide

42

Ciprofloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

43

Norfloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

44

Levofloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

45

Ofloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

46

Sparfloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

47

Moxifoxacin

Fluoroquinolone

48

Gatifloxacin

Fluoroquinolone

49

Enoxacin

Fluoroquinolone

50

Nalidixic acid

Fluoroquinolone

51

Chloramphenicol

Blocks peptide bone formation at 50S ribosomal subunit

52

Clindamycin

Blocks peptide bond formation at 50S ribosomal subunit

53

Metronidazole

Forms free radical toxic metabolites in the bacterial cell that damage DNA