Electrolyte Disturbances Flashcards Preview

Step One!!!! Kat's kontributions > Electrolyte Disturbances > Flashcards

Flashcards in Electrolyte Disturbances Deck (10):
1

Low serum sodium

Disorientation, stupor, coma

2

High serum sodium

Neurologic; irritability, delirium, coma

3

Low serum potassium

U waves on ECG, flattened T waves, arrythmias, paralysis

4

High serum potassium

Peaked T waves, wide QRS, arrhythmias

5

Low serum calcium

Tetany, neuromuscular irritability

6

High serum calcium

Delirium, renal stones, abdominal pain
*Not necessarily calciuria

Stones, bones, groans, psychiatric overtones

7

Low serum magnesium

Neuromuscular irritability, arrhythmias

8

High serum magnesium

Delirium, decreased deep tendon reflexes, cardiopulmonary arrest

9

Low serum phosphate

Low-mineral ion product causes bone loss, osteomalacia

10

High serum phosphate

High-mineral ion product causes renal stones, metastatic calcifications