Flashcards in Artic Phono Test 2 Deck (25):
What do you look for in sounds by word position? 2
1 produces sound incorrectly in one position, but correct in another
2 produces a sound as substitution in one position but as another substitution in another
What do you look for in sounds by morpheme?
correct morpheme productions
___ is when certain sounds can be produced correctly in certain important words like a sibling's name.
A fossilized form is different than a ___, which does not occur in an important word, just a randomly.
A ___ is a phonological rule that doesn't change (never put a sound at the end of word)
A ___ are more flowing rules that change by context or affect more than one sound.
What are the different static rule constraints?3
1 inventory constraints
2 positional constraints
3 sequence constraints
____ are sounds absent from phonetic and phonemic inventories.
_____ are certain sounds only occur in specific word positions, not in other word position.
____ are certain sound combinations do not occur.
___ is a type of dynamic rule that must be applie regardless of word position or morpheme.
___ is a type of dynamic rule that are applied in some cases but not all cases.
Use a ___ to help decide what level of knowledge the child has and needs.
Decision tree for phonological knowledge
_____ is to make gross phonological change. (Gierut & Hulse 2010)
The goal of treatment of SSD
____ is that it doesn't matter what you do with sounds, it just matters what sounds you are working on.
___ is when generalization/bootstrapping occurs through complexity theory usage of selecting targets.
_____ is that complexity is system driven, number and labels of phonological processes present in a child's system and interaction of the process on one another and on the overall communicative competence of the individual affects the disorder.
_____is that there is a hierarchical relationship between the individual characteristics of the system, which allows for "cascading" of effects from tx. Treat the top of the hierarchy.
____ is the complexity is principle driven (like phonotactics, phonotactic probability) and there is a system.
What IS complexity?
Epistemic, Ontological and Functional Perpsectives combined
____ is input that models the more advanced (adult) forms in all their mutations and derivations. Don't dumb it down!
Pyscholinguists with Gierut look at ___, which are linguistic rules that cross languages.
What are some additional system-wide implicational laws? 6
1 affricates imply fricatives
2 consonants imply vowels
3 liquids imply nasals
4 fricatives imply stops
5 clusters imply affricates
6 fricative+liquid clusters imply stop+liquid clusters
What are some phonological process implicational laws? 2
1 stopping implies liquid gliding
2 word final velar fronting implies word initial velar fronting