Artic Phono Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Artic Phono Test 2 Deck (25):
1

What do you look for in sounds by word position? 2

1 produces sound incorrectly in one position, but correct in another
2 produces a sound as substitution in one position but as another substitution in another

2

What do you look for in sounds by morpheme?

correct morpheme productions

3

___ is when certain sounds can be produced correctly in certain important words like a sibling's name.

Fossilized form

4

A fossilized form is different than a ___, which does not occur in an important word, just a randomly.

inconsistent error

5

A ___ is a phonological rule that doesn't change (never put a sound at the end of word)

static rule

6

A ___ are more flowing rules that change by context or affect more than one sound.

dynamic rules

7

What are the different static rule constraints?3

1 inventory constraints
2 positional constraints
3 sequence constraints

8

____ are sounds absent from phonetic and phonemic inventories.

Inventory constraints

9

_____ are certain sounds only occur in specific word positions, not in other word position.

Positional constraints

10

____ are certain sound combinations do not occur.

Sequence constraints

11

___ is a type of dynamic rule that must be applie regardless of word position or morpheme.

Obligatory

12

___ is a type of dynamic rule that are applied in some cases but not all cases.

Optional

13

Use a ___ to help decide what level of knowledge the child has and needs.

Decision tree for phonological knowledge

14

_____ is to make gross phonological change. (Gierut & Hulse 2010)

The goal of treatment of SSD

15

____ is that it doesn't matter what you do with sounds, it just matters what sounds you are working on.

Complexity research

16

___ is when generalization/bootstrapping occurs through complexity theory usage of selecting targets.

Cascade effects

17

_____ is that complexity is system driven, number and labels of phonological processes present in a child's system and interaction of the process on one another and on the overall communicative competence of the individual affects the disorder.

epistemic perspective

18

_____is that there is a hierarchical relationship between the individual characteristics of the system, which allows for "cascading" of effects from tx. Treat the top of the hierarchy.

ontological perspective

19

____ is the complexity is principle driven (like phonotactics, phonotactic probability) and there is a system.

functional perspective

20

What IS complexity?

Epistemic, Ontological and Functional Perpsectives combined

21

____ is input that models the more advanced (adult) forms in all their mutations and derivations. Don't dumb it down!

Learnability theory

22

Pyscholinguists with Gierut look at ___, which are linguistic rules that cross languages.

Implication laws

23

What are some additional system-wide implicational laws? 6

1 affricates imply fricatives
2 consonants imply vowels
3 liquids imply nasals
4 fricatives imply stops
5 clusters imply affricates
6 fricative+liquid clusters imply stop+liquid clusters

24

What are some phonological process implicational laws? 2

1 stopping implies liquid gliding
2 word final velar fronting implies word initial velar fronting

25

___ is when the phoneme is not represented at all in any morphemes.

inventory constraints