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Flashcards in Australia Deck (59):
1

What are the top five planted grapes in Australia

Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, and Semillon

2

What is the government agency in Australia that maintains oversight for the industry

Wine Australia

3

Wine Australia introduced the Label Integrity Program for the 1990 vintage, requiring any wines labeled by variety, vintage, or region to contain a minimum of_____% of the stated grape, year, or region, respectively.

85%, If multiple varieties are to be listed on the label (i.e., Grenache-Syrah-Mourvèdre) the grapes must be listed in order of proportion in the blend. All components making up a minimum 85% of the blend must appear on the label, and no listed grape may be in lower proportion than an unnamed variety.

4

The first Australian GI's were rolled out in which year?

1994

5

What does GI stand for

Geographical Indication

6

What are the broadest GI terms from largest to smallest

The broadest Geographical Indications—apart from the countrywide Australia GI itself—are states, followed by zones, regions, and sub-regions.

7

How are GI regions and sub-regions defined

Regions and sub-regions are defined by Wine Australia as single tracts of land, comprising at least five independently owned vineyards of at least five hectares apiece, with a minimum annual output of 500 tonnes of wine grapes. Regions are not necessarily contained within a single zone, nor are zones necessarily contained within a single state.

8

The multistate zone of South Eastern Australia contains which states

Victoria, Tasmania, and New South Wales, along with the winegrowing areas of South Australia and Queensland.

9

According to the Barossa Old Vine Charter, how old are Old Vines, Survivor Vines, Centenarian Vines, and Ancestor Vines

Old Vines (at least 35 years of age), Survivor Vines (at least 70 years of age), Centenarian Vines (at least 100 years old) and Ancestor Vines (at least 125 years old). Producers may use these designations on labels, provided vineyard sources meet the requisite age.

10

Which two parallel valleys divide the Barossa Zone

Barossa Valley GI and Eden Valley GI

11

What are the 6 states of Australia

New South Wales
South Australia
Victoria
Western Australia
Queensland
Tasmania

12

What are the zones of New South Wales


Northern Slopes
Northern Rivers
Hunter Valley
Central Ranges
Southern New South Wales
South Coast
Western Plains
Big Rivers

13

What is the only GI of Northern Slopes zone

(Northern Slopes is in New South Wales)

New England Australia GI

State: New South Wales
Major Towns: Inverell, Armidale, Glen Innes, Tenterfield
Total Hectares Under Vine: 150 ha (2012, Wine Australia)
Major Grapes and Wine Styles:

Red Grapes (63%): Shiraz, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon
White Grapes (37%): Chardonnay, Semillon

Latitude: 29° 14' S
Mean January Temperature: 19.2-22.8° C (66.5-73° F)
Soil Types: rich alluvial soils in the south near Tamworth, granite and basalt at higher elevations to the north, terra rossa soils exist at high altitudes
Growing Season Rainfall (Oct-Apr): 539-604 mm (21.2-23.7 inches)
Major Natural Features:

Great Dividing Range
Black Mountain (home to Australia's highest altitude vineyard, at 1320 meters above sea level)
Peel, Gwydir, and Severn Rivers
Moonbi Hills

Key Producers: New England Estate, Blickling Estate
First Commercial Plantings: 1841 (George Wyndham's Bukkulla estate)
GI Established: 2008

14

What is the GI of Northern Rivers Zone

(Northern Rivers is in New South Wales)

Hastings River GI


State: New South Wales
Major Towns: Port Macquarie
Major Grapes and Wine Styles:
Red Grapes (50%): Chambourcin, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon
White Grapes (50%): Semillon, Chardonnay
Latitude: 31° 27' S
Mean January Temperature: 22.5° C (72.5° F)
Soil Types: rich alluvial soils and red volcanic soils
Growing Season Rainfall (Oct-Apr): 1080 mm (42.5 inches)
Major Natural Features:
Broken Bago Range
Pacific Ocean
Hastings River
Key Producers: Bago Vineyards, Cassegrain
First Commercial Plantings: 1837
First Modern Plantings: 1980 (Cassegrain planted the region's first vineyard 60 years after viticulture ceased in the early 20th century.)
GI Established: 1999

15

What is the GI of Hunter Valley Zone

(Hunter Valley is in New South Wales)

Hunter GI

State: New South Wales
Subregions:
Upper Hunter Valley GI (est. 2010)
Pokolbin GI (within Lower Hunter, between Singleton and Cessnock, est. 2010)
Broke Fordwich GI (within Lower Hunter, west of Pokolbin, est. 1997)

Unofficial Subregions: Allandale, Belford, Dalwood, Rothbury (all located in the Lower Hunter)
Major Towns:
Upper Hunter Valley: Muswellbrook
Lower Hunter: Singleton, Maitland, Cessnock
Total Hectares Under Vine: 2,640 ha (2012, Wine Australia)
Major Grapes and Wine Styles:
Red Grapes (43%): Shiraz, Merlot
White Grapes (57%): Semillon, Chardonnay, Verdelho
Latitude:
Upper Hunter Valley GI: 32° 15' S
Lower Hunter: 32° 50' S
Mean January Temperature:
Upper Hunter Valley GI: 22.3° C (72° F)
Lower Hunter: 22.7° C (73° F)
Soil Types:
Upper Hunter Valley GI: black silt loam, dark clay loam
Lower Hunter: friable loam, red friable duplex soils
Growing Season Rainfall (Oct-Apr):
Upper Hunter Valley GI: 400 mm (16 inches)
Lower Hunter: 530 mm (21 inches)
Major Natural Features:
Hunter and Goulburn Rivers
Key Producers: Tyrrell's, Brokenwood, Yarraman Estate, McWilliam's Mount Pleasant, Keith Tulloch Wine, Wyndham Estate, Rosemount Estate
First Commercial Plantings: 1830 (James Busby's "Kirkton" estate)
GI Established: 1997

16

What are the sub-regions of Hunter GI


Upper Hunter Valley GI (est. 2010)
Pokolbin GI (within Lower Hunter, between Singleton and Cessnock, est. 2010)
Broke Fordwich GI (within Lower Hunter, west of Pokolbin, est. 1997)



Unofficial Subregions: Allandale, Belford, Dalwood, Rothbury (all located in the Lower Hunter)

17

What are the GI's of Central Ranges Zone

(Central Ranges is in New South Wales)

Cowra GI
Mudgee GI
Orange GI

18

What are the GI's of Southern New South Wales

Canberra District GI
Gundagai GI
Hilltops GI
Tumbarumba GI

19

What are the un-oficial sub-regions of Gundagai GI

South-East (Tumut), North (Cootamundra), West (Junee)

20

What are the GI's of South Coast Zone

(South Coast is in New South Wales)

Shoalhaven Coast GI
Southern Highlands GI

21

What are the GI's of Big Rivers Zone

(Big Rivers is in New South Wales)

Murray Darling GI
Perricoota GI
Riverina GI
Swan Hill GI

22

What are the Zones of South Australia


Far North
The Peninsulas
Mount Lofty Ranges
Barossa
Lower Murray
Fleurieu
Limestone Coast
Adelaide Superzone (includes zones of Mount Lofty Ranges, Barossa and Fleurieu)

23

What is the GI of Far North

(Far North is a Zone of South Australia)

Southern Flinders Ranges GI

24

What are the GI's of Mount Lofty Ranges

(Mount LOfty Ranges is a Zone of South Australia)

Clare Valley GI
Adelaide Hills GI
Adelaide Plains GI

25

What are the un-official sub-regions of Clare Valley GI

Polish Hill, Watervale, Auburn, Sevenhill, Clare

26

What are the sub-regions of Adelaide Hills GI


Lenswood GI
Piccadilly Valley GI

27

What are the GI's of Barossa

Barossa Valley GI
Eden Valley GI

28

What are the un-official sub-regions of Barossa Valley GI

Gomersal/Rosedale
Southern Barossa Valley (Lyndoch/Williamstown)
Rowland Flat District,
Barossa Foothills (Vine Vale)
Light Pass/Stockwell
Northern Barossa Valley
Western Ridge (Greenock/Seppeltsfield)
Stonewell/Central Tanunda

29

What is the sub-region of Eden Valley GI

High Eden GI

30

What is the GI of Lower Murray

(Lower Murray is a Zone of South Australia)

Riverland GI

31

What are the GI's of Fleurieu

McLaren Vale GI
Langhorne Creek GI
Currency Creek GI
Kangaroo Island GI
Southern Fleurieu GI

32

What are the "terranes" of McLaren Vale


The Ancient Rocks (ancient bedrock)
Sand and Sandstone: This terrane includes the subtypes Maslin Sands, Pirramimma Sandstone, Ochre Cove Formation (red and yellow sandstone), and Semaphore Sand (beach sand)
Limestone Country
Clay Plains of Aldinga
The Piedmont (alluvial deposits)
Talus Slope (variable soils near the Willunga Fault)
Alluvial Flats

33

What are the GI's of the Limestone Coast

(The Limestone Coast is a Zone of South Australia)

Coonawarra GI
Padthaway GI
Mount Benson GI
Robe GI
Wrattonbully GI
Mount Gambier GI

34

What are the soil types of Coonawara

terra rossa, black rendzina soil and brown rendzina soil

35

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Tasmania

Northern Tasmania:
Pipers River
Tamar Valley
North West Coast

Southern Tasmania:
Derwent Valley
Huon Valley
Coal River/Richmond
The East Coast (Cranbrook/Bicheno area)


36

What are the Zones of Victoria


North West Victoria
Western Victoria
Central Victoria
Port Phillip
North East Victoria
Gippsland

37

What are the GI's of North West Victoria

Murray Darling GI
Swan Hill GI

38

What are the GI's of Western Victoria

Grampians GI
Henty GI
Pyrenees GI

39

What is the sub-region of Grampians GI

Great Western GI

40

What are the GI's of Central Victoria

Bendigo GI
Goulburn Valley GI
Heathcote GI
Strathbogie Ranges GI
Upper Goulburn GI

41

What is the sub-region of Goulburn Valley GI

Nagambie Lakes GI

42

What are the GI's of Port Phillip

(Port Phillip is a Zone of Victoria)

Geelong GI
Macedon Ranges GI
Mornington Peninsula GI
Sunbury GI
Yarra Valley GI

43

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Geelong GI

The Bellarine, Moorabool Valley, Surf Coast/Otways

44

What are the GI's of North East Victoria

Alpine Valleys GI
Beechworth GI
Glenrowan GI
King Valley GI
Rutherglen GI

45

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Alpine Valleys GI

Ovens Valley, Buffalo Valley, Buckland Valley, Kiewa Valley

46

In Rutherglen GI, "black dog" refers to what type of soil

fine sandy loam

47

What type of soil is preferred for fortified wines in Rutherglen GI

"Rutherglen" loam

48

What are the Zones of Western Australia


South West Australia
Greater Perth
Central Western Australia
West Australian South East Coastal
Eastern Plains, Inland & North of Western Australia

49

What are the GI's of South West Australia

Margaret River GI
Geographe GI
Blackwood Valley GI
Manjimup GI
Pemberton GI
Great Southern GI

50

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Margaret River GI

Yallingup
Carbunup
Wilyabrup
Treeton
Wallcliffe
Karridale (proposed in 1999 by Dr. John Gladstones)

51

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Geographe GI

Ferguson Valley
Donnybrook
Capel-Busselton
Harvey

52

What are the unofficial sub-regions of Blackwood Valley GI

Boyup Brook
Bridgetown
Nannup

53

What are the sub-regions of the Great Southern GI


Denmark GI
Albany GI
Porongurup GI
Frankland River GI
Mount Barker GI

54

What are the GI's of Greater Perth

(Greater Perth is a Zone of Western Australia)

Peel GI
Perth Hills GI
Swan District GI

55

What is the sub-region of Swan District GI

Swan Valley GI

56

What are the GI's of Queensland


South Burnett GI
Granite Belt GI

57

What is Australia’s foremost region for Cabernet Sauvignon

Coonawara GI

58

What is "terra rossa"

“red soil.”

This thin, cigar-shaped band of friable clay loam, tinted vivid red by iron oxide, overlies soft limestone and is commonly considered the most suitable topsoil for Cabernet Sauvignon

59

What is the most planted grape in Hunter Valley

Semillon