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Flashcards in Cocktails Deck (22):

What are the two types of English Gin and describe their differences?

1) London Dry Gin- more commonly known although it does not need to be distilled in the capital; it is an intensely perfumed spirit and varies greatly in quality between producers.
2) Plymouth Gin- only one distiller, at the Blackfriars distillery not far from the city’s waterfront; distinctively drier than the big London brands; aromatics used give it a subtler bouquet.


Describe Dutch Genever gin? What are the two grades?

Quite different than English gin because of its more pungently flavored grain mash. The mixture of barley, rye, and corn (or maize) is often heavily malted giving older spirits a lightly beery tinge. They frequently come in an opaque “stone” bottle and have a more rustic flavor.
The two grades are:
1) Oude- old
2) Jonge- young


Bee’s Knees

1 ½ oz gin
1/4 oz honey
¼ oz lemon juice
Shake ingredients very well to integrate honey, and strain into a cocktail glass.


Gin Fizz

2 oz gin
Juice of ½ lemon
1 tsp caster (super fine) sugar
Soda water
Shake the gin, lemon juice, and sugar with ice until sugar is properly dissolved. Pour out into a frosted, high ball glass half filled with ice, and top off with soda.


Describe a French 75

½ oz fresh lemon juice
½ tsp simple syrup
1 oz gin
4 oz chilled champagne
Build in the order given in a Collins glass filled with crushed ice. Stir briefly.


Describe an Aviation

2 oz gin
½ oz maraschino liquer
½ oz fresh lemon juice
Shake and strain into a cocktail glass.


Moscow Mule

2 oz vodka
¼ oz fresh lime juice
3 oz ginger beer
1 lime wedge
Build in the order given in an ice-filled high ball glass. Add the garnish


Describe a Cosmopolitan

1 1/2 oz vodka
1 oz Cointreau
1 oz cranberry juice
½ fresh lime juice
1 lime wedge, for garnish
Shake ingredients well with ice and strain into a cocktail glass. Add the garnish


What relationship did rum have with the British Navy for nearly 2 centuries?

Rum was provided to ordinary sailors as a daily ration from the 18th century until its abolishment in 1970. Rum’s ability to withstand hot weather made it the popular choice over beer. The initial allowance of a half-pint a day was watered down and mixed with lemon juice to prevent scurvy.


Which type of rum, made on small sugar farms, is created from pressed cane juice rather than from fermented molasses?

Rhum Agricole


What is the traditional term that describes the strength of rums that are bottled at the traditional naval strength of 50% ABV and above?



Cuba Libre

2 oz white rum
Juice and rind from ½ of lime
5 oz of Coca Cola
Squeeze lime juice directly in a highball glass half filled with cracked ice, and then place spent rind shell in glass as well. Add rum and stir. Top off with Coca-cola.


Describe a Daiquiri

2 oz white rum
Juice of ½ a lime
1 tsp caster (superfine) sugar
Shake all ingredients well with ice to dissolve sugar, and strain into a chilled cocktail glass.


Describe a Planter’s Punch

1 oz fresh lime juice
1 oz fresh orange juice
2 oz dark rum
½ oz grenadine
1 dash Angostura bitters
Soda water
Squeeze lime and orange juices into mixing glass. Add rum and grenadine. Add ice and mix well for about 20 seconds with mixing spoon. Add one dash of Angostura bitters to the bottom of a chilled tom collins glass. Fill glass with ice and strain in the mixed contents of mixing glass. Fill glass with soda water and garnish.


What are the two styles of bourbon?

1) Sweet mash- yeasts are allowed to perform their work over a couple of days
2) Sour mash- some yeasts of the preceding batch augments the brew, which doubles the length of the fermentation and ensures more of the sugars in the grain are consumed.
*Differences arise at the fermentation stage.


What does the term “Kentucky Straight Bourbon” mean?

Bourbon is made in Kentucky, made from at least 51% corn, and is aged for minimum of 2 years in charred new barrels.


What process is added before cask maturation when making Tennessee whisky?

Maple charcoal filtering in ten feet high mellowing vats. Great stacks of sugar maple are burnt down to ash and ground into a powder. This powder is then filled into the mellowing vats. The newly distilled spirit drips painfully slow down from a gridwork of copper pipes over the charcoal vats, filtering gradually through the charcoal bed.


What is unique regarding Canadian whiskey regulations versus those of other whiskey producers?

Government regulations allow the addition of a tiny quantity of other products such as sherry or wine made from grapes or other fruits to be added to the finished whiskey product.


What two liquor industry giants are responsible for a majority of the positioning and market share of Canadian whiskys?

1) Hiram Walker- (Canadian Club)
2) Joseph E Seagram- (Crown Royal)


Describe a Whisky Sour

Juice from ½ lemon
1 tsp caster (superfine) sugar
2 oz bourbon
Squeeze lemon juice directly in an old fashioned glass with caster sugar. Add 2 ice cubes and mix until sugar is dissolved. Add whisky and stir again. Splash soda and garnish with a cherry.


Mint Julep

1 tbsp caster (superfine) sugar
8-10 fresh mint leaves
2/3 oz fresh hot water
2 oz bourbon
Add sugar and torn mint leaves to the mixing glass Muddle leaves to release the flavor of the mint. Add hot water and grind well. Fill a highball glass half way with crushed ice. Spoon in ingredients from mixing glass to highball. Add bourbon and stir well until the outside of the glass frosts over. Allow to stand for a couple minutes to ley melted ice dilute drink. Garnish with mint sprig and serve.


Describe a Perfect Manhattan

1 oz rye whisky
¼ oz dry vermouth
¼ oz sweet red vermouth
Pour whiskey and both vermouths into a mixing glass. Add glass with ice half way and stir for 30 secs to mix and chill. Strain into a cocktail glass. Garnish with cherry.