Flashcards in Just Rioja Questions Deck (10):
What are the three sub zones of La Rioja and what are their soil types?
Rioja Alta's northern areas are characterized by yellow calcareous clay (arcillo-calcareo), whereas the lower slopes south of the Ebro River contain reddish, iron-rich clay soils (arcillo-ferroso).
This subzone has the highest concentration of calcareous clay soils, the dominant soil type between the Cantabrian Mountains and the north bank of the Ebro River.
Rioja Baja has some iron-rich clay, but most of the lower, flatter areas in Baja are characterized by alluvial, silty soils.
Authorized grapes and styles of Rioja and minimum POTENTIAL alcohol levels:
Principal White Grape: Viura
Secondary White Grapes: Malvasía, Garnacha Blanca, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo, Tempranillo Blanca, Maturana Blanca, Turruntés
Principal Red Grape: Tempranillo
Secondary Red Grapes: Garnacha, Mazuelo, Graciano, Maturana Tinta
Minimum Potential Alcohol:
White Grapes: 10.5%
Red Grapes: 11%
Blanco: 100% authorized white grapes (Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Verdejo combined must account for less than 50% of the blend)
Rosado: min. 25% combined Tempranillo, Mazuelo, Garnacha Tinta, Maturana Tinta and Graciano
Tinto: min. 95% authorized red grapes (if destemmed), min. 85% authorized red grapes (if whole clusters or whole berries are used)
Rioja DOCa Minimum Acquired Alcohol:
Rioja (without subzone designation):
Blanco/Rosado: 10.5% (11% for Reserva or Gran Reserva)
Tinto: 11.5% (12% for Reserva or Gran Reserva)
Rioja (with subzone designation):
Blanco Alta/Alavesa: 11%
Blanco Baja: 11.5%
Rosado Alta/Alavesa: 10.5%
Rosado Baja: 11%
Tinto Alta/Alavesa: 11.5%
Tinto Baja: 12%
Rioja DOCa Aging Requirements:
Crianza Blanco/Rosado: min. 2 years, including at least 6 months in oak (remainder may be in bottle, oak or stainless steel)
Crianza Tinto: min. 2 years, including at least 1 year in oak
Reserva Blanco/Rosado: min. 2 years, including at least 6 months in oak (remainder must be in bottle or oak)
Reserva Tinto: min. 3 years, including at least 1 year in oak
Gran Reserva Blanco/Rosado: min. 4 years, including at least 6 months in oak (remainder must be in bottle or oak)
Gran Reserva Tinto: min. 24 months in oak and 36 months in bottle
Rioja DOCa Permitted Training Methods:
Cordon (single or double), "en vaso" (bush vines), "vara y pulgar", Double Guyot (the latter may be used for all white varieties except Viura, Malvasía, and Garnacha Blanca.)
Rioja DOCa Maximum Yields:
White Grapes: 9,000 kg/ha (vineyard), 70 liters/100 kg (press)
Red Grapes: 6,500 kg/ha (vineyard), 70 liters/100 kg (press)
What river and its tributary flow through Rioja?
The Ebro River emerges from the western Cantabrian Mountains, and flows on a southeasterly course toward the Mediterranean, passing though the historic Rioja DOCa, Spain’s premier red wine region. Rioja, named not after the Ebro but for the Oja, a smaller tributary, was the first region in Spain to be christened as Denominación de Origen Calificada—in 1991—and has been a viable wine-producing area for over 2000 years.
What is another name for Mazuelo?
What is another name for Viura?