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Flashcards in South Africa Deck (32):
1

What are the four types of production areas in South Africa, in descending order of size:

geographical unit, region, district, and ward

2

In South Africa, the term Single Vineyard Wine may be used for wines sourced solely from a vineyard of what size?

less than 6 hectares

3

What is the Wine of Origin (WO) system of South Africa?

The Wine of Origin (WO) system, introduced in 1973, compels producers seeking certification to submit a sample of the wine for evaluation by a tasting panel, which confirms that the wine shows the correct organoleptic qualities for its cultivar (variety) and age. The wine also undergoes scientific analysis. An approved cultivar—approximately 75 are authorized, irrespective of region—must be used to attain WO status, and as of 2006 the wine must contain 85% of the stated grape. Blends may list several grapes, if vinification occurred separately and each listed grape comprises a minimum 20% of the wine. A minimum 85% of the stated vintage is also required. If an area of production appears on the label, 100% of the grapes from which the wine was made must come from the stated area. There are four types of production areas, in descending order of size: geographical unit, region, district, and ward. The term Single Vineyard Wine may be used for wines sourced solely from the vineyard, provided it is appropriately registered and of less than 6 hectares. Estate wines must be produced from contiguous parcels of vineyard land, and vinified and bottled on a single property. A WO seal appears on all bottles of South African wine that pass certification. While it is an entirely voluntary process, none of the above claims—vintage, varietal, or area of production—may legally appear on any bottle that forgoes certification.

4

What is the IPW in South Africa?

In 1998, South Africa launched the Integrated Production of Wine Scheme (IPW), a voluntary means of certification for WO producers wishing to comply with sustainable environmental standards. The IPW sets guidelines for agricultural, manufacturing, and packaging practices, and certification falls under the jurisdiction of the SA Wine & Spirit Board. Wineries are judged on a number of points, including worker safety measures, handling of wastewater, carbon emissions, use of pesticides and other chemicals, and vineyard biodiversity. Starting with the 2010 vintage, wines that meet a minimum score in IPW evaluation (60% or better) and qualify for WO certification will be marked with a joint seal, indicating a "sustainable wine of origin," rather than the basic WO seal. By 2011, 85% of South African WO wine carried this new seal, and virtually all WO wines in the future are expected to qualify for the IPW scheme as well.

5

South Africa’s wine-producing areas are divided into which five large geographical areas?

Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Kwazulu-Natal, and Limpopo.

6

What is the Ward of the Eastern Cape?

St. Francis Bay

7

What are the Districts of the Northern Cape?

Douglas
Sutherland-Karoo

8

What are the Wards of the Northern Cape ?

Central Orange River (formerly Lower Orange)
Hartswater
Rietrivier FS

9

What are the Wine of Origin Regions of the Western Cape?

Boberg River Region (fortified wines from the districts of Paarl, Franschhoek, Wellington and Tulbagh)
Breede River Valley Region
Cape South Coast Region
Coastal Region
Klein Karoo Region
Olifants River Region
Other Districts and Wards of the Western Cape

10

What are the Districts of the Western Cape?

Ceres Plateau

11

What are the Wards of the Western Cape?

Cederberg (directly east of Piekenierskloof)
Lamberts Bay (directly south of Bamboes Bay)
Prince Albert Valley (northeast of Klein Karoo)
Swartberg (northeast of Klein Karoo)

12

What are the Districts of the Breede River Valley?

Breedekloof
Robertson
Worcester

13

What are the Districts within Cape South Coast?

Cape Agulhas
Elgin
Overberg
Plettenberg Bay
Swellendam
Walker Bay

14

What are the Wards within Cape South Coast (without a district)?

Herbertsdale
Stilbaai East
Napier

15

What are the Wards within Cape Agulhas?

Elim

16

What are the Wards within Overberg?

Elandskloof
Greyton
Klein River
Theewater

17

What are the Wards within Swellendam?

Buffeljags
Stormsvlei
Malgas

18

What are the Wards within Walker Bay?

Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Hemel-en-Aarde Ridge
Upper Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Bot River
Sunday's Glen
Stanford Foothills

19

What are the districts of the Coastal Region?

Cape Peninsula
Darling
Franschhoek Valley
Paarl
Stellenbosch
Swartland
Tulbagh
Tygerberg
Wellington

20

What are the Wards within Cape Peninsula?

Constantia
Hout Bay

21

What are the Wards within Darling?

Groenekloof

22

What are the Wards within Paarl?

Simonsberg-Paarl
Voor-Paardeberg

23

What are the Wards within Stellenbosch?

Banghoek
Bottelary
Devon Valley
Jonkershoek Valley
Papegaaiberg
Polkadraai Hills
Simonsberg-Stellenbosch

24

What are the Wards within Swartland?

Malmesbury
Riebeekberg
St. Helena Bay

25

What are the Swartland Independent Producers (SIP) Quality Controls?

Wines that carry the the logo must be grown, vinified, matured and bottled entirely within the Swartland WO.
Swartland Independent Producers must bottle at least 80% of their production under their own labels.
SIP wines are fermented entirely with ambient yeasts. Yeast nutrients are prohibited.
SIP wines are not acidulated, nor do they contain added tannin.
SIP wines may not be chemically fined, nor may they undergo any concentration processes (reverse osmosis, etc.)
SIP wines contain a minimum 90% of the following varieties:
Red: Syrah, Mourvèdre, Grenache Noir, Carignan, Cinsaut, Tinta Barocca, Pinotage
White: Chenin Blanc, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Viognier, Clairette Blanche, Palomino (Fransdruif/Vaalblaar), Semillon (Groendruif)
Wines may be aged in only European oak, with a maximum 25% new oak authorized.
Wines must be bottled in a Burgundy-shaped bottle.

26

What are the Wards within Tygerberg?

Durbanville
Philadelphia

27

What are the Districts of Klein Karoo?

Calitzdorp
Langeberg-Garcia

28

What are the Wards of Klein Karoo Region (without a district)?

Montagu
Outeniqua
Tradouw
Tradouw Highlands
Upper Langkloof

29

What are the Districts of Olifants River Region?

Citrusdal Mountain
Citrusdal Valley
Lutzville Valley

30

What are the Wards of Olifants River Region (without a district)?

Bamboes Bay
Spruitdrift
Vredendal

31

What are the Wards within Citrusdal Mountain?

Piekenierskloof

32

What are the Wards within Lutzville Valley?

Koekenaap