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Flashcards in Germany Deck (72):
1

Regions of Germany (Anbaugebiete)


Ahr
Baden
Franken
Hessische-Bergstrasse
Mittelrhein
Mosel
Nahe
Pfalz
Rheingau
Rheinhessen
Saale-Unstrut
Sachsen
Württemberg

2

Major Villages of the Ahr

Major Villages (west to east):

Altenahr
Mayschoss
Rech
Dernau
Marienthal
Walporzheim
Ahrweiler
Bad-Neuenahr
Heppingen
Heimersheim

3

Bereiche of Baden:

Badische-Bergstrasse
Kraichgau
Kaiserstuhl
Bodensee
Breisgau
Markgräflerland
Ortenau
Tuniberg
Tauberfranken

4

Bereiche of Franken:

Mainviereck
Maindreieck
Steigerwald

5

Bereiche of Hessische-Bergstrasse:

Starkenburg
Umstadt

6

Bereiche of Mittelrhein:

Siebengebirge
Lorelei

7

Bereiche of Mosel:

Burg Cochem
Bernkastel
Ruwertal
Saar
Moseltor
Obermosel

8

Bereiche of Nahe:

Nahetal

9

Bereiche of Pfalz:

Südliche Weinstrasse
Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse

10

Bereiche of Rheingau:

Johannisberg

11

Bereiche of Rheinhessen:

Bingen
Wonnegau
Nierstein

12

Bereiche of Saale-Unstrut:

Schloss Neuenburg
Thüringen
Mansfelder Seen

13

Bereiche of Sachsen:

Meissen
Elstertal

14

Bereiche of Württemberg:

Württembergisch Unterland
Württembergisch Bodensee
Kocher-Jagst-Tauber
Oberer Neckar
Remstal-Stuttgart
Bayerischer Bodensee

15

bottler or shipper who assumes the responsibility for the origin and quality of a wine

Abfüller

16

The process settling of solids (dead yeast cells, leftover grape skin fragments, etc.) to the bottom of a vat of wine or must.

Absetzen

17

A vineyard which is owned by only one owner (similar to a monopole in France).

Alleinbesitz

18

Old vines

Alte Reben

19

commonly referred to as the AP#; a quality control number on all QbA and QmP wines. The number contains the Exam Board number, commune number, producers registered number, an application number and the year of the application. Some producers use the application number as a sequential indication of sweetness.

Amtliche Prüfungsnummer

20

Broad term for sweetening must before or during fermentation. Whereas chaptalization means the addition of sugar only, enrichment also includes the addition of grape must, concentrated grape must, and RCGM.

Anreicherung

21

A rotling from the Baden region. Made from Grauburgunder (min. 51%) and Spatburgunder grapes. Composition must be declared on label.

Badisch Rotgold

22

Malolactic fermentation.

Biologische Sãureabbau

23

sparkling wine made by any method from grapes grown in Germany

Deutscher Sekt

24

noble rot

Edelfäule

25

single vineyard

Einzellage

26

A vine individually trained to a single stake . Used on very steep slopes such as the Mosel.

Einzelpfahlerziehung

27

legal term used for dry wines in the Rheingau from the best vineyards

Erste Gewächs

28

grown and produced by the same grower or cooperative

Erzeugerabfüllung

29

Unfiltered must containing CO2 and yeast that is still in the process of fermenting. An autumn specialty served with onion quiche or roasted chestnuts

Federweisser

30

half-dry, no legal definition

Feinherb

31

bottle-fermented sekt

Flaschengärung

32

1000-liter cask common in the Mosel

Füder

33

VDP classification of dry wines from the best vineyards, must be Spätlese ripeness

Grosses Gewächs

34

a collection of vineyards; misleading term for inexpensive wines

Grosslage

35

Mosel growers association

Grosser Ring

36

grown, produced and bottled by the same person/estate

Gutsabfüllung

37

half-dry, generally less than 18 g/L residual sugar

Halbtrocken

38

Clay and slate soil

Keuper

39

Loam soil

Lehm

40

medium-sweet

Leiblich

41

Heavy Loam

Mergel

42

Rosé wine that is produced from a mixture of red and white varieties. A Rotling must have pale red or clear red color

Rotling

43

Reddish slate

Rotliegendes

44

1200 liter cask commonly used in the Rheingau

Stück

45

A rotling from Sachsen

Schielerwein

46

A rotling from Württemburg

Schillerwein

47

German word for castle; on a wine label it is equivalent to the French word "Chateau."

Schloss

48

gravel

Schotter

49

A sundial often very large on steep vineyard sites.

Sonnenuhr

50

German tasting term for wines made by spontaneous fermentation versus wines inoculated by cultured yeasts. The former has an earthiness versus the cleaner fruit-forward smells of selected yeasts.

Spontangärung

51

Literally: steep site. A vineyard with an inclination of more than 30%

Steillage

52

Clay

Ton

53

dry; generally 4 g/L or less but residual sugar but can be up to 9 g/l if total acidity is within 2 g/l of total residual sugar

Trocken

54

German for vineyard

Weinberg

55

rosé from a single variety of red grape

Weissherbst

56

A wine Grower.

Winzer

57

co-op

Winzergenossenschaft

58

A central cooperative that gets its wine or must from smaller cellars in the area and blends, produces and bottles the wines.

Zentralkellerei

59

VDP Classification (2012 forward) and corresponding maximum yields


Grosse Lage: "Grand Cru" Wines (max. 50 hl/ha)
Erste Lage: "Premier Cru" Wines (max. 60 hl/ha)
Ortswein: Village Wines (max. 75 hl/ha)
Gutswein: Regional Wines (max. 75 hl/ha)

60

Major Villages of Baden

Major Villages (Badische-Bergstrasse): Heidelberg, Leimen

Major Villages (Kraichgau): Östringen, Sulzfeld, Tiefenbach

Major Villages (Ortenau): Baden-Baden, Varnhalt, Neuweier, Sasbachwalden, Durbach, Zell-Weierbach

Major Villages (Breisgau): Malterdingen, Emmendingen, Lahr, Hecklingen

Major Villages (Kaiserstuhl): Freiburg, Achkarren, Burkheim, Oberrotweil, Ihringen, Sasbach

Major Villages (Markgräflerland): Schliengen, Istein, Mauchen, Auggen

Major Villages (Bodensee): Meersburg

61

Major Villages of Franken

Major Villages (Mainviereck):
Bürgstadt, Miltenberg, Marktheidenfeld, Erlenbach

Major Villages (Maindreieck):
Karlstadt, Thüngersheim, Würzburg, Randersacker, Sommerhausen, Frickenhausen, Escherndorf, Volkach, Nordheim, Fahr

Major Villages (Steigerwald): Rödelsee, Iphofen, Castell, Wiesenbronn

62

Major Villages of Hessische-Bergstrasse

Major Villages of Starkenburg (north to south):

Zwingenberg
Auerbach
Bensheim
Heppenheim

63

Major Villages of Mittelrhein

Major Villages (north to south, north of Koblenz): Bad Hönningen, Hammerstein, Leubsdorf

Major Villages (north to south, south of Koblenz): Spay, Osterspai, Boppard, Oberwesel, Dörscheid, Dellhofen, Bacharach, Steeg

64

Major Villages of Mosel

Major Villages (Burg Cochem, north to south): Winningen, Kobern-Gondorf, Hatzenport, Cochem, Bremm, Zell

Major Villages (Bernkastel, north to south): Pünderich, Enkirch, Traben-Trarbach, Wolf, Kröv, Lösnich, Erden, Ürzig, Zeltingen, Wehlen, Graach an der Mosel, Bernkastel-Kues, Lieser, Brauneberg, Kesten, Wintrich, Piesport, Dhron, Neumagen, Trittenheim, Leiwen

Major Villages (Ruwertal): Ruwer, Eitelsbach, Mertesdorf, Kasel, Waldrach, Avelsbach

Major Villages (Saar): Serrig, Saarburg, Wiltingen, Ockfen, Oberemmel, Kanzem

65

Major Villages of the Nahe

Major Villages (north to southwest): Münster-Sarmsheim, Burg Layen, Dorsheim, Laubenheim, Windesheim, Langenlonsheim, Wallhausen, Bad Kreuznach, Bad Münster am Stein, Traisen, Norheim, Niederhausen, Oberhausen, Schlossböckelheim, Bockenau

66

Major Villages of the Pfalz

Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse: Dirmstein, Grünstadt, Laumersheim, Grosskarlbach, Kirchheim, Weisenheim, Kallstadt, Ungstein, Bad Dürkheim, Wachenheim, Forst, Deidesheim, Ruppertsberg, Gimmeldingen, Mussbach, Haardt, Neustadt, Duttweiler

Südliche Weinstrasse: Hainfeld, Burrweiler, Gleisweiler, Essingen, Siebeldingen, Birkweiler, Klingenmünster, Schweigen

67

Major Villages of the Rheingau

Major Villages (west to east): Lorch, Assmannshausen, Rüdesheim, Geisenheim, Johannisberg, Winkel, Oestrich, Hallgarten, Hattenheim, Erbach, Kiedrich, Eltville, Rauenthal, Martinsthal, Walluf, Hochheim, Wicker

68

Majot Villages of the Rheinhessen

Major Villages (Nierstein/Rheinterrasse, north to south): Bodenheim, Nackenheim, Nierstein, Oppenheim, Dienheim

Major Villages (Bingen): Siefersheim, Bingen, Appenheim

Major Villages (Wonnegau): Westhofen, Flörsheim-Dalsheim, Dittelsheim, Monsheim, Worms

69

Major Villages of Saale-Unstrut

Major Villages (Schloss Neuenburg): Bad Kösen, Freyburg, Weischütz, Karsdorf, Naumburg

70

Major Villages of Sachsen

Major Villages (Meissen): Seusslitz, Proschwitz, Meissen, Pillnitz, Radebeul

71

Major Villages of Württemberg

Major Villages (Remstal-Stuttgart): Stetten, Schnait, Fellbach, Untertürkheim, Winterbach

Major Villages (Württembergisch Unterland): Stetten, Schozach, Neipperg, Schwaigern, Kleinbottwar, Hohenbeilstein, Neckarsulm, Heilbronn, Gundelsheim, Besigheim, Mundelsheim, Bönnigheim, Verrenberg, Maulbronn, Weinsberg

72

Leading Producers-
Ahr
Baden
Franken
Hessische-Bergstrasse
Mittelrhein
Mosel
Nahe
Pfalz
Rheingau
Rheinhessen
Saale-Unstrut
Sachsen
Württemberg

Ahr
Leading Producers: Meyer-Näkel (Dernau), Jean Stodden (Rech), Weingut Deutzerhof - Cossmann-Hehle (Mayschoss), J.J. Adeneuer (Ahrweiler)

Baden
Leading Producers: Bernhard Huber (Malterdingen), Andreas Laible (Durbach), R. and C. Schneider (Endingen), Salwey (Oberrotweil)

Franken
Leading Producers: Rudolf Fürst (Burgstadt), Horst Sauer (Escherndorf), Hans Wirsching (Iphofen), Juliusspital Würzburg (Würzburg), Castell'sches Domänenamt (Castell)

Hessische-Bergstrasse
Leading Producers: Hessische Staatsweingüter Domaine Bergstrasse (Bensheim), Simon-Bürkle (Zwingenberg)

Mittelrhein
Leading Producers: Matthias Müller (Spay), Weingart (Spay), Toni Jost-Hahnenhof (Bacharach)

Mosel
Leading Producers: Fritz Haag (Brauneberg), Dr. Loosen (Bernkastel), Egon Müller (Wiltingen), Joh. Jos. Prüm (Wehlen)

Nahe
Leading Producers: Hermann Dönnhoff (Oberhausen), Emrich-Schönleber (Monzingen), Schlossgut Diel (Burg Layen), Schäfer-Fröhlich (Bockenau), Dr. Crusius (Traisen)

Pfalz
Leading Producers: Knipser (Laumersheim), Ökonomierat Rebholz ( Siebeldingen), Bassermann-Jordan (Deidesheim), Von Winning (Deidesheim), Friedrich Becker (Schweigen), Dr. Bürklin-Wolf (Wachenheim), A. Christmann (Gimmeldingen), Koehler-Ruprecht (Kallstadt), Philipp Kuhn (Laumersheim), Georg Mosbacher (Forst), Pfeffingen - Fuhrmann-Eymael (Bad Dürkheim), Dr. Wehrheim (Birkweiler)

Rheingau
Leading Producers: Robert Weil (Kiedrich), Georg Breuer (Rüdesheim), Schloss Johannisberg (Geisenheim), August Kesseler (Assmannshausen), Franz Künstler (Hochheim), Josef Leitz (Rüdesheim), Schloss Schönborn (Hattenheim), Josef Spreitzer (Oestrich)

Rheinhessen
Leading Producers: Keller (Flörsheim-Dalsheim), Kühling-Gillot (Bodenheim), Wagner-Stempel (Siefersheim), Wittman (Westhofen), Gunderloch (Nackenheim)

Saale-Unstrut
Leading Producers: Pawis (Freyburg)

Sachsen
Leading Producers: Schloss Proschwitz (Meissen), Klaus Zimmerling (Dresden-Pillnitz)

Württemberg
Leading Producers: Gerhard Aldinger (Fellbach), Rainer Schnaitmann (Fellbach)