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Flashcards in Alsace Deck (24):

What does it mean to pick grapes in tries

selective picking of grapes


What is the most planted grape in Alsace

Riesling, but collectively Pinot Blanc and Auxerrois are largest by volume of wine.


What 5 communes may bottle Klevener as the variety on the label

Heiligenstein itself, Bourgheim, Gertwiller, Goxwiller, and Obernai


What is Klevener

pink berried clone of Traminer


Alsace/Vin d'Alsace AOP REGULATIONS

Which sub zones are for white only?

Which sub zones are for red only?

Which sub zones are for white and red?

Département: Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin

Subzones (Geographic Designations):

Blanc Wines only: Blienschwiller, Côtes de Barr, Klevener de Heiligenstein, Scherwiller, Vallée Noble, Val Saint Grégoire, Wolxheim, Coteaux du Haut Koenigsbourg, Bergheim

Rouge Wines only: Ottrott, Rodern, Saint-Hippolyte

Blanc and Rouge Wines: Côte de Rouffach

Communes of Production:
Haut Rhin: Ammerschwihr, Beblenheim, Bennwihr, Bergheim, Bergholtz, Bergholtz-Zell, Berrwiller, Buhl, Cernay, Colmar, Eguisheim, Gueberschwihr, Guebwiller, Hartmanswiller, Hattstatt, Herrlisheim, Houssen, Hunawihr, Husseren-les-Châteaux, Ingersheim, Jungholtz, Katzenthal, Kaysersberg, Kientzheim, Leimbach, Mittelwihr, Niedermorschwihr, Obermorschwihr, Orschwihr, Osenbach, Pfaffenheim, Ribeauvillé, Riquewihr, Rorschwihr, Rodern, Rouffach, Saint-Hippolyte, Sigolsheim, Soultz, Soultzmatt, Steinbach, Thann, Turckheim, Uffholtz, Vieux-Thann, Voegtlinshoffen, Walbach, Wattwiller, Westhalten, Wettolsheim, Wihr-au-Val, Wintzenheim, Wuenheim, Zellenberg, Zimmerbach

Bas Rhin: Albé, Andlau, Avolsheim, Balbronn, Barr, Bergbieten, Bernardswiller, Bernardvillé, Bischoffsheim, Blienschwiller, Boersch, Bourgheim, Châtenois, Cleebourg, Dahlenheim, Dambach-la-Ville, Dangolsheim, Dieffenthal, Dorlisheim, Eichhoffen, Epfig, Ergersheim, Flexbourg, Furdenheim, Gertwiller, Gimbrett-Berstett, Goxwiller, Heiligenstein, Itterswiller, Kienheim, Kintzheim, Kirchheim, Kuttolsheim, Marlenheim, Mittelbergheim, Molsheim, Mutzig, Nothalten, Nordheim, Oberhoffen les Wissembourg, Obernai, Odratzheim, Orschwiller, Osthoffen, Ottrott, Reichsfeld, Riedseltz, Rosenwiller, Rosheim, Rott, Saint-Nabor, Saint-Pierre, Scharrachbergheim-Irmstett, Scherwiller, Soultz-les-Bains, Steinseltz, Stotzheim, Traenheim, Villé, Wangen, Westhoffen, Wissembourg, Wolxheim, Zellwiller

Styles and Encépagement:
Blanc (without indication of variety): Includes one or more of the grapes allowed for varietal wines.
"Edelzwicker": one or more grape varieties (may or may not be vintage-dated)
Varietal Blanc Wines: 100% of the stated variety except when stated otherwise
Pinot Gris (formerly Tokay Pinot Gris)
Muscat: Muscat Blanc / Rosé à Petit Grains and / or Muscat Ottonel
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot Blanc: Pinot Blanc and Auxerrois
Pinot (Klevner): Pinot Blanc, Auxerrois, Pinot Gris, and / or Pinot Noir (vinified as a white wine)
Chasselas (Gutedel)
Varietal Rosé / Clairet / Schillerwein: Pinot Noir
Varietal Rouge Wines: Pinot Noir
Vendanges Tardives (VT): Single variety wines produced from (and labeled as) Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Muscat, Muscat Ottonel or Pinot Gris
Sélection de Grains Nobles (SGN): Single variety wines produced from (and labeled as) Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Muscat Blanc / Rosé à Petits Grains, Muscat Ottonel or Pinot Gris
Varieties Authorized for Subzones: except for Klevener de Heiligenstein, the subzone designations of Alsace AOC are from the 2012 vintage forward
Klevener de Heiligenstein: Savagnin Rose
Blienschwiller and Côtes de Barr: Sylvaner
Côte de Rouffach: Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir
Ottrott, Rodern, Saint Hippolyte: Pinot Noir
Vallée Noble: Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Pinot Gris
Val Saint Grégoire: Auxerrois, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
Scherwiller, Wolxheim: Riesling
Minimum Potential Alcohol:
Blanc: 9.5%
Varietal Wines:
Pinot Blanc, Pinot, Riesling, Auxerrois: 10% (10.5% if labeled with subzone designation or lieu-dit)
Chasselas, Muscat Ottonel, Muscat, Sylvaner: 9.5% (10.5% if labeled with subzone designation or lieu-dit)
Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris: 11.5% (12% if labeled with subzone designation or lieu-dit)
Klevener de Heiligenstein: 11%
Pinot Noir (Rosé): 10%
Pinot Noir (Rouge): 11% (11.5% if labeled with subzone designation or lieu-dit)
Minimum Must Weights:
Blanc: 144 g/l
Varietal Wines:
Chasselas, Muscat Ottonel, Muscat, Sylvaner: 151 g/l (Sylvaner is 168 g/l if labeled with subzone designation)
Pinot Blanc, Pinot, Riesling, Auxerrois: 160 g/l (168 g/l if labeled with subzone designation)
Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris: 185 g/l (193 g/l if labeled with subzone designation)
Pinot Noir (Rosé): 160 g/l
Pinot Noir (Rouge): 177 g/l (185 g/l if labeled with subzone designation)
Klevener de Heiligenstein: 177 g/l
Varietal Wines Labeled by Lieu-dit:
Chasselas, Auxerrois, Pinot Blanc, Pinot, Sylvaner, Riesling, Muscat Ottonel, Muscat: 168 g/l
Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris: 193 g/l
Pinot Noir: 185 g/l
Riesling, Muscat, Muscat Ottonel: 235 g/l (formerly 220 g/l)
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 257 g/l (formerly 243 g/l)
Riesling, Muscat, Muscat Ottonel: 276 g/l (formerly 256 g/l)
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 306 g/l (formerly 279 g/l)
Maximum Residual Sugar (2008 harvest forward):
Riesling: 6 g/l (if the wines have been chaptalized), 9 g/l (if tartaric acid is less than 6 g/l), 12 g/l (if tartaric acid is greater than 6 g/l) --this does not apply to SGN or VT Riesling, or Riesling labeled with a lieu-dit
Rosé: 4 g/l
Rouge: 2 g/l
Harvesting Method: Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir wines labeled by a lieu-dit, and all Alsace VT and SGN wines, must be hand-harvested
Additional Requirements for VT and SGN Wines:
Chaptalization is not allowed
Must be vintage-dated
VT wines are late-harvested, and may be affected by botrytis
SGN wines are affected by botrytis, and are harvested in tries
VT and SGN wines may not be released until June 1 of the second year following the harvest
Bottle Shape: Alsace AOP wines must be bottled in the traditional "Vin du Rhin" / "Flûte d'Alsace" bottle
Minimum Planting Density:
Alsace AOC: 4,000 vines per hectare
Alsace AOC (with subzone designation or lieu-dit): 4,500 vines per hectare
Maximum Yield (Rendement de Base): see 2011 AOC document link for full max. yield breakdown
Blanc: 80 hl/ha
Rosé: 75 hl/ha
Rouge: 60 hl/ha
Principal Soils: Alsace has a great diversity of soils, including marl, limestone, gneiss, schist, sandstone, granite, clay, and volcanic soils.
AOC Established: 1945, officially designated AOC in 1962
AOC Grand Cru Established: 1975, officially designated AOC in 1983
AOC VT and SGN Established: 1984


What is the 51st Grand Cru of Alsace

Kaefferkopf, added in 2006


What are the minimum alcohol requirements for Alsace Grand Cru

11% for Riesling and Muscat and 12.5% for Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer, although certain vineyards mandate higher amounts.


Which department in Alsace do most of the premier wines come from



Which Alsace Grand Cru allows Sylvaner into the blend



What is Vendanges Tardives and Sélections de Grains Nobles

These two terms imply sweetness and may be printed on either Alsace AOP or Alsace Grand Cru AOP labels, provided the wines contain a single, noble variety and pass a blind tasting panel. Grapes destined for Sélection de Grains Nobles are generally picked in tries, and suppress varietal character in return for the complexities of botrytis. Vendanges Tardives, on the other hand, may show botrytis character but emphasizes varietal purity. Quality VT wines usually originate from vines in a state of passerillage. VT and SGN wines are not obligated by statute to be sweet; in practice SGN wines are always dessert-like but VT wines may vary in actual sugar, and can be quite dry. Grapes for both wines must be hand-harvested at specific, unenriched minimum sugar levels: Vendanges Tardives requires a minimum of 235 grams per liter for Muscat and Riesling, and 257 grams per liter for Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer. Sélection de Grains Nobles requires 276 grams per liter for Muscat and Riesling and 306 grams per liter for Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer. At 306 grams per liter, these wines are amongst the highest minimum must weights in France.


What do they call the local pink sandstone in Alsace

grés de Vosges


When did Alsace become an AOC



What department is South of Alsace



What are the four noble grapes of Alsace

Riesling, Pinot Gris, Muscat (either Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, Muscat Rosé à Petits Grains or Muscat Ottonel), and Gewurztraminer


What percentage of Alsace AOP wine must be the variety stated on the bottle

With the exception of Pinot Blanc, which is often blended with the similar but not synonymous Auxerrois, all varietally labeled Alsace AOP wines must contain 100% of the printed grape. Even if bottled as a single variety, Auxerrois may be accorded the title of “Pinot Blanc” on the label. White wines simply labeled "Pinot," on the other hand, may contain any proportion of related varieties: Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, and Auxerrois.


What are the two departments of Alsace

Bas- Rhin


Which two Grand Crus in Alsace are permitted to blend grapes

Altenberg de Bergheim


Grand Crus of Alsace

Alsace Grand Cru Altenberg de Bergbieten AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Altenberg de Bergheim AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Altenberg de Wolxheim AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Brand AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Bruderthal AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Eichberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Engelberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Florimont AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Frankstein AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Froehn AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Furstentum AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Geisberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Gloeckelberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Goldert AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Hatschbourg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Hengst AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kaefferkopf AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kanzlerberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kastelberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kessler AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kirchberg de Barr AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kirchberg de Ribeauvillé AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Kitterlé AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Mambourg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Mandelberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Marckrain AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Moenchberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Muenchberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Ollwiller AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Osterberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Pfersigberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Pfingstberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Praelatenberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Rangen AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Rosacker AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Saering AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Schlossberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Schoenenbourg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Sommerberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Sonnenglanz AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Spiegel AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Sporen AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Steinert AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Steingrubler AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Steinklotz AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Vorbourg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Wiebelsberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Wineck-Schlossberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Winzenberg AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Zinnkoepflé AOP
Alsace Grand Cru Zotzenberg AOP


What is the smallest region in France



What is passerillage

the process of drying grapes


What is the only red variety permitted for red Alsace AOP wines

Pinot Noir



Département: Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin
Styles and Encépagement:

Varietal Wines: labeled by Grand Cru Vineyard and varietal (100% of the stated variety is required in the assemblage)
Pinot Gris
Muscat (Muscat Ottonel, Muscat Blanc à Petit Grains, and/or Muscat Rosé à Petits Grains)
Muscat Ottonel
Sylvaner (Zotzenberg Grand Cru only)
Muscat is not authorized for varietal wines from Zotzenberg, Altenberg de Bergheim, or Kaefferkopf.

Altenberg de Bergheim: 50-70% Riesling, 10-25% Pinot Gris, 10-25% Gewurztraminer, max. 10% combined Chasselas, Muscat, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Blanc
Kaefferkopf: 60-80% Gewurztraminer, 10-40% Riesling, max. 30% Pinot Gris, max. 10% Muscat
Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf may also produce varietal Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, and Riesling.

Minimum Potential Alcohol:

Riesling/Muscat/Sylvaner: 11%
Pinot Gris/Gewurztraminer: 12.5%
Altenberg de Bergheim:
Riesling: 12%
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 14%
Final Blend: 14%
Riesling: 11%
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 12.5%
Final Blend: 12%

Minimum Must Weights:

Alsace Grand Cru:
Riesling, Muscat, Sylvaner: 168 g/l
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 193 g/l
Altenberg de Bergheim:
Riesling: 185 g/l
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 218 g/l
Riesling, Muscat: 235 g/l (formerly 220 g/l)
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 257 g/l (formerly 243 g/l)
Riesling, Muscat: 276 g/l (formerly 256 g/l)
Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer: 306 g/l (formerly 279 g/l)

Harvest Method: Manual harvest is mandatory.
Additional Requirements for Alsace Grand Cru Wines:

Intent to produce Grand Cru wine must be declared before March 1 of the harvest year
Must be vintage-dated

Additional Requirements for VT and SGN Wines: See Alsace AOP
Élevage: Wines may not be released until June 1 of the year following the harvest (an additional year is required for VT and SGN wines)
Bottle Shape: Alsace Grand Cru AOP wines must be bottled in the traditional "Vin du Rhin"/"Flûte d'Alsace" bottle
Training System: Single or Double Guyot
Minimum Planting Density:

Alsace Grand Cru: 4,500 vines per hectare (2 meters or less between rows)
Altenberg de Bergheim: 5,500 vines per hectare

Maximum Yield (Rendement de Base): 55 hl/ha
AOC Established: 1975 Officially designated AOC in 1983


Important Clos Vineyards that aren't Grand Cru in Alsace

Clos des Capucins (Kaysersberg, Domaine Weinbach)
Clos de la Faille (Wintzenheim, Albert Mann)
Clos Häuserer (Wintzenheim, Zind-Humbrecht)
Clos Himmelreich (Orschwihr, Lucien Albrecht)
Clos Jebsal (Turckheim, Zind-Humbrecht)
Clos Rebberg (Andlau, Marc Kreydenweiss)
Clos Rebgarten (Andlau, Marc Kreydenweiss)
Clos des Récollets (Rouffach, Lucien Albrecht)
Clos Ribeaupierre (Ribeauvillé, Jean Sipp - formerly known as the Clos du Schlossberg)
Clos Windsbuhl (Hunawihr, Zind-Humbrecht)


What is the climate of Alsace

Semi-Continental. Alsace is one of the driest and sunniest regions in France.