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Flashcards in Washington and Oregon Deck (14):
1

What natural phenomenon is responsible for Washington's soil types?
And what are the soil types?

The Missoula Floods.
Soil is bedrock made up of basalt and overlaid by sediment consisting of sandy and silty loam.

2

What is the largest appellation in Washington?

Columbia Valley AVA

3

What are the two most planted grape varieties in Washington?

Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot

4

What are Washington's AVAs?

Columbia Valley
Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley
Columbia Gorge
Horse Heaven Hills
Lake Chelan
Naches Heights
Puget Sound
Rattlesnake Hills
Red Mountain
Snipes Mountain
Wahluke Slope
Walla Walla Valley
Yakima Valley

5

What are the most important AVA's in Washington?

Horse Heaven Hills, Yakima Valley and Walla Walla Valley

6

Where and What are "The Rocks?"

Located in Walla Walla Valley, the Rocks of Milton-Freewater, features a topsoil of basalt cobblestones that draws comparisons to the galets of Châteauneuf-du-Pape.
The region, located entirely in Oregon, received its own AVA status in early 2015.

7

What are the top White Varietals grown in Washington?

Chardonnay and Riesling

8

Which Oregon AVA's are nested within Willamette Valley?

Willamette Valley
Chehalem Mountains
Yamhill-Carlton District
McMinnville
Ribbon Ridge
Dundee Hills
Eola-Amity Hills




9

What are the AVA's South of Willamette Valley?

Elkton Oregon
Umpqua Valley
Red Hill Douglas County
Southern Oregon
Rogue Valley
Applegate Valley

10

Which AVA's are East of the Cascades on the border with Washington?

Columbia Gorge
Columbia Valley
Walla Walla Valley
The Rocks of Milton-Freewater

11

What is the Oregon Eastern AVA that borders Idaho?

Snake River Valley

12

What are Oregon's state labeling laws?

Varietal wines from Oregon, (excluding those produced from white and red Bordeaux varieties, major Rhône grapes, Zinfandel, Sangiovese, Tannat and Tempranillo), must contain a minimum 90% of the stated variety rather than the standard 75%.
Thus, Oregon Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris must contain a minimum 90% of either grape.
A wine labeled by an AVA within Oregon must contain a minimum 95% of grapes grown in the respective appellation, rather than the 85% mandated by federal law.

13

What is Jory?

A well-drained soil series of volcanic origin, common in the "red hills" of the Dundee Hills AVA, providing more elegant wines.

14

What is Willakenzie?

A marine sedimentary soil, more prominent in the Willamette Valley's westernmost slopes, such as in Ribbon Ridge. Tasters often ascribe a denser style of wine and darker fruit to Willakenzie soil.