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Flashcards in Hungary Deck (19):
1

What are the "Great First Growths" of Tokaj?

Szarvas and Mézes Mály

2

What is a gönc?

a Hungarian oak cask of approximately 136 L

3

What is the aging requirement for Aszú and what minimum residual sugar and alcohol content must it have??

Three years prior to release (with a minimum 18 months in barrel) and must contain at least 120 g/l of residual sugar and achieve an actual alcohol content of at least 9%

4

What are the regions of Hungary?

Észak Magyarország (North Hungary)
Duna (Danube/Great Plain)
Dunántú (Transdanubia)

5

OEM*/PDO zones of Észak Magyarország

Bükk PDO
Debrői Hárslevelű PDO
Eger PDO
Mátra PDO
Tokaj PDO

6

OFJ**/PGI zones of Észak Magyarország

Felső-magyarországi PGI
Zemplén PGI

7

What are the two styles of wine in Debrői Hárslevelű PDO and what is their primary grape variety?

Klasszikus and Superior
Min. 85% Hárslevelű; plus Chardonnay, Cserszegi Fűszeres, Irsai Oliver, Királyleányka, Leányka, Olasz Rizling, Ottonel Muskotály, Pinot Blanc, Rajnai Rizling, Sárga Muskotály, Sauvignon, Szürkebarát, Tramini, Zenit

8

What is the difference between Klasszikus and Superior wine in Debrői Hárslevelű PDO?

Minimum Potential Alcohol (Actual Alcohol):
Klasszikus 12% (11%)
Superior 12.5% (11%)
Aging Requirements: Superior Wines may not be released until May 1 of the year following the harvest
Minimum Planting Density:
Klasszikus: 3,700 vines per hectare (for all vineyards planted after August 1, 2010)
Superior: 4,000 vines per hectare (for all vineyards planted after August 1, 2010)
Maximum Yields:
Klasszikus: 90 hl/ha, manual harvesting of 13.6 tons/ha of vines, mechanical harvest of 12.8 tons/ha of vines
Superior: 60 hl/ha, manual harvesting of 9.0 tons/ha of vines, mechanical harvest of 8.4 tons/ha of vines

9

What are the styles of wine in Eger PDO?

Bikavér - "bull's blood"
Muskotály
Fehér - white
Rozé - rosé
Siller - pale red
Vörös - red

10

What are the grapes in Bikavér?

Bikavér must be a blend of at least 3 grape varieties, including Kékfrankos. No single variety may be less than 5% or more than 50% of the total blend. Authorized varieties include Kékoportó, Kadarka, Blauburger, Zweigelt, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Menoire, Syrah, and a combined maximum 10% Turán and Bíborkadarka. "Superior" wines must be a blend of 5 varieties, including 30-50% Kékfrankos. No other variety may exceed 30%. Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon may not exceed a combined 30% in "Superior" wines. Bíborkadarka may not be used for "Superior" wines.

Additional Bikavér and Bikavér Superior Requirements:
Bikavér must undergo a maceration of at least 8 days, or 14 days for "Superior".
Max. 5 g/l residual sugar. Addition of concentrated must and other sweetening agents is not permitted.

11

What grapes may be used in Muskotály?

Cserszegi Fűszeres, Irsai Olivér, Ottonel muskotály, Sárgamuskotály

12

What grapes may be used in Fehér?

Chardonnay, Cserszegi Fűszeres, Hárslevelű, Irsai Olivér, Királyleányka, Leányka, Olasz Rizling, Ottonel Muskotály, Pinot Blanc, Rajnai Rizling, Sárgamuskotály, Sauvignon Blanc, Szürkebarát, Tramini, Zenit (none of the aromatic grapes--Cserszegi Fűszeres, Irsai Olivér, Ottonel muskotály, Sárgamuskotály--may be used for "Superior" wines)

13

What grapes may be used in Rozé, Siller and Vörös?

Bíborkadarka, Kékoportó, Blauburger, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Kadarka, Kékfrankos, Menoire, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Turán, Zweigelt (Bíborkadarka may not be used for "Superior" wines)

14

What are the aging requirements in Eger PDO?


Bikavér: Wines may not be released until November 1 of the year following the harvest.
Bikavér "Superior": Wines may not be released until May 1 of the second year following the harvest.
Vörös "Superior": Wines may not be released until November 1 of the year following the harvest.
All other "Superior" wines: Wines may not be released until May 1 of the year following the harvest.

15

Minimum Potential Alcohol (Permitted Actual Alcohol Range) in Eger PDO

Bikavér: 11.5% (11.5%-17.5%)
Muskotály: 11% (10%-17.5%)
Siller: 11% (11%-17.5%)
Rozé: 11% (10.5%-17.5%)
Fehrér: 11% (10.5%-17.5%)
Vörös: 11% (11%-17.5%)
All Superior Wines: 12.5% (12.5%-17.5%)

16

What is the late harvest wine of Mátra PDO?

Késői szüretelésű bor

17

Minimum Potential Alcohol in Mátra PDO

Minimum Potential Alcohol:
Muskotály: 9%
Siller: 9%
Rozé: 9%
Fehrér: 9%
Vörös: 9%
Késői szüretelésű bor: 12% (8% acquired)

18

What is the aging requirement for Késői szüretelésű bor?

Wines may not be bottled until March 1 of the year following the harvest, and they must be aged in bottle for 3 months prior to release.

19

What are the maximum yields in Mátra PDO?

Fehrér, Rozé, Siller & Vörös: 100 hl/ha, 56 hl/ha if vineyard indicated
Muskotály: 100 hl/ha, 84 hl/ha if place name indicated, 56 hl/ha if vineyard indicated
Késői szüretelésű bor: 70 hl/ha, 56 if place name indicated, 40 if vineyard indicated