Bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections Flashcards Preview

Y2 Dermatology > Bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections Deck (55)
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1

Example of b-haemolytic streptococci

strep pyogenes

2

Treatment of strep pyogenes infections

penicillin but will be treated by flucloxacillin

3

presentation of scabies

intensely itchy rash affecting finger webs, wrists and groin

4

treatment of candida

clotrimazole cream, oral fluconazole

5

y-haemolysis is a ____colour

no change in colour

6

Early presentation of lyme disease

erythema migrans

7

Examples of strep pyogenes infections (4)

impetigo, cellulitis, infected eczema, necrotising fasciitis

8

how does ringworm infect the skin?

enters abraded and soggy skin, hyphae spread in the stratum corneum (keratinocyte layer)

9

Treatment of more extensive areas of ringworm/ on the scalp

terbinafine or itraconazole orally

10

Examples of a-haemolytic streptococci (2)

strep. pneumoniae; strep. viridans

11

Condition showing this type of rash

ringworm 

12

signs of infected leg ulcer

weepy, sloughy, smelly

13

Skin condition and causative organisms 

impetigo - staph aureus/strep pyogene

14

a-haemolysis is ____ haemolysis

partial

15

where do cadida infections like to be ?

in warm, moist areas particularly skin folds

16

tinea manuum

hand ring worm

17

Treatment of lyme disease

amoxicillin or doxycycline

18

Example of y-haemolytic strep.

enterococcus - gut commensals

19

a-haemolysis is ____ haemolysis

partial

20

a-haemolysis is a ____colour

green

21

Vector for lyme disease

ticks

22

b-haemolysis is a ____colour

clear/gold

23

Identify the type of haemolysis and give an example organism 

non-haemolytic strep - enterococcus 

24

Identify the organism 

Staph aureus 

25

gram positive cocci, chains

streptococci

26

2 types of necrotising fasciitis

1. mixed anaerobes/coliforms post-abdominal surgery; 2. Group A strep pyogenes

27

b-haemolytic strep can be commensals - TRUE/FALSE

FALSE - b-haemolytic strep are always pathogenic

28

This rash may be seen with which disease 

Lyme's disease - erythema migrans 

29

Treatment of small areas of ringworm

clotrimazole cream/topical nail paint

30

incubation period for scabies

6 weeks