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Y2 Dermatology > Anatomy of the Lower Limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy of the Lower Limb Deck (45)
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1

Why should adrenaline-containing local anaesthetic not be given near end arteries?

will cause vasoconstriction and thus occlusion to the only blood supply to that area.

2

carotid pulse is felt...

anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage

3

the brachial artery pulse is felt

medial to the biceps tendon in the cubital fossa

4

the radial artery pulse is felt...

lateral to the tendon of flexor carpi radialis

5

the femoral artery pulse is felt...

inferior to the midpoint of the inguinal ligament

6

the popliteal pulse is felt...

in the popliteal fossa

7

the posterior tibial pulse is felt...

between the posterior border of the medial malleolus and the achilles tendon

8

the dorsal pedis pulse is felt...

medial to the tendon extensor hallucis longus distal to the ankle joint

9

causes of reduced arterial perfusion pressure

LVF, arterial bleed, arterial rupture (aneurysm), occlusion of the lumen, arterial spasm, external occlusion of the artery

10

causes of increases venous drainage pressure

RVF, DVT, external compression

11

Superficial/Deep veins tend to occur in NVBs

deep veins

12

Superficial/Deep veins are more anatomically predictable

deep veins

13

superficial fascia is...

loose connective tissue and fat varying in depth

14

deep fascia is...

tough, dense connective tissue that is usually white. divides limbs into compartments

15

deep fascia of the upper limb (4)

pectoral fascia, deltoid fascia, bracial fascia, antebrachial fascia

16

Deep fascia of the lower limb (3)

fascia lata (thigh), iliotibial tract, crural fascia (leg)

17

the basilic vein runs...

medially

18

the basilic vein drains into...where?

the brachial vein at the level of the mid-arm

19

the cephalic vein runs...

laterally

20

where does the cephallic vein dive deep?

the deltopectoral groove

21

where does the cephalic vein drain

the axillary vein

22

where does the axillary vein become the subclavian

lateral border of rib 1

23

where do the cephalic and basilic vein arise from?

the dorsal venous network

24

What connects the cephalic and basilic veins in the majority of people?

median cubital vein

25

what vein in the arm do 20% of people have?

median vein of the forearm which splits to give median cephalic and median basilic vein

26

where does the great saphenous vein arise from?

dorsal venous arch

27

where does the great saphenous vein travel?

medially

28

where does the great saphenous vein drain into and when?

the femoral vein in the femoral triangle

29

where does the small saphenous vein arise from?

the dorsal venous arch

30

where does the small saphenous vein travel?

posterior midline of the leg