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Y2 Dermatology > Vitamins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitamins Deck (22)
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1

Vitamin A is fat/water soluble

fat

2

Vitamin A is required for...

epithelial proliferation, keratinisation and development

3

Vitamin K is fat/water soluble

fat

4

vitamin K is required for...

blood coagulation factors

5

Source of vitamin A

milk, liver, eggs, oily fish, green leafy veg

6

souce of vitamin K

green leafy veg, liver, legumes and vegetable oils

7

Vit B2 is also known as

riboflavin

8

Lack of vitamin B2 can cause...

angular stomatitis, dry, red tongue

9

source of vitamin B2

milk, liver, eggs, green leafy veg

10

Vitamin B3 is also known as

niacin

11

source of vitamin B3

meat, fish, nuts, coffee

12

4D's of vitamin B3 deficiency

Pellagra --> dermatitis, delirium, diarrhoea, death

13

Vitamin B6 deficiency can cause...

dermatitis of the face, scalp, neck, shoulders, buttocks and perineum

14

Where is Pellagra common...

in areas with a high grain, low meat diet --> Indo-China diet

15

Folate deficiency causes...

anaemia, angular stomatitis, glossitis, hair depigmentation, skin and mucous membrane pigmentation

16

Vitamin B12 is found...

only in products of animal origin - meat, milk, fish and eggs

17

Vitamin B12 deficiency causes....

anaemia, angular stomatitis, glossitis, hair depigmentation, skin and mucous membrane pigmentation and neurological symptoms

18

Vitamin C is an essential co-factor in....

collagen formation

19

sources of vitamin C

citrus fruit, strawberries, blackcurrants, tomatoes and potatoes

20

vitamin C deficiency causes...

hyperkeratosis around the hair folicles, inflammed gums, poor wound healing, fatigue, malaise, muscle and bone pain

21

Sources of zinc

meat, fish, milk, egs, cereals, nuts and pulses

22

zinc is vital for...

wound healing