Bio 20 Unit 3 - Fungi Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio 20 Unit 3 - Fungi Deck (14):
1

4 common characteristics of Fungi?

-multicellular
-eukaryotic
-heterotrophs
-named according to reproductive structure

2

What is the common name and an example of a Phylum Zygomycota?

cn: molds
ex: bread mold

3

Name the reproductive structure in a phylum zygomycota/mold

sporangium

4

What is the common name and an example of a Phylum Basidiomycota?

cn: club fungi
ex: mushrooms

5

Name the reproductive structure in a phylum basidiomycota/club fungi.

basidium

6

What is the common name and an example of a Phylum Ascomycota?

cn: sac fungi
ex: yeast, dutch elm disease

7

Name the reproductive structure in a phylum ascomycota/sac fungi.

ascus

8

What is the common name and an example of a Phylum Deuteromycota?

cn: imperfect fungi
ex: penicillium, athletes foot

9

Name the reproductive structure in a phylum deuteromycota/imperfect fungi

No sexual reproduction, only asexual

10

Which 2 kinds of fungus have hyphae?

phylum zygomycota and phylum basidiomycota

11

What are saprophytes?

Obtain their nutrients by digesting and absorbing nutrients from dead organisms.

12

What are hyphae?

strands filled with cytoplasm and nuclei that form the body of a fungus

13

What is mycelium?

the mass of tangled, interwoven hyphae that form the body of a fungus

14

How do fungi get food?

They obtain nutrients from other organisms. Some are parasitic and obtain from their host and a few are predators and trap/kill their prey.