Wellness Flashcards Preview

School > Wellness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wellness Deck (42):
1

What are the different types of sexual activities that can transfer infections?

-oral sex
-vaginal sex
-anal sex
-skin-to-skin contact for some

2

In what ways can infections be transferred through exchange of bodily fluids?

-blood
-semen
-vaginal secretions
-saliva
-breast milk

3

What are some bacterial types of STI's?

-chlamydia
-gonorrhea
-syphilis

4

What are some viral types of STI's?

-HPV (genital warts)
-HIV
-Herpes
-Hepatitis B

5

What are some parasitic types of STI's?

-pubic lice ("crabs")
-trichomoniasis

6

What is HIV?

A virus that causes AIDS and weakens the immune system leaving it vulnerable to other infections.

7

What are signs and symptoms of HIV?

-can have it without symptoms for years

-frequent fevers
-sore throat
-headaches
-diarrhea
-nausea/vomiting

8

What is Hepatitis B?

A viral infection that damages the liver and can be transmitted through the exchange of bodily fluids.

9

Signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B?

-pain in abdomen
-skin or whites of your eyes look yellowish
-urine a strange colour

-sometimes no symptoms at all

10

Which two STIs have vaccinations?

HPV and Hepatitis B

11

Define testosterone

male hormone

12

Define fetus

the last 7 months of prenatal development

13

Define semen

fluid ejaculated from the penis

14

Define fertilization

when the sperm cell joins the egg cell

15

Define erection

when the penis becomes enlarged with blood and hardens

16

Define prostate gland

adds a chemical fluid to the semen

17

Define ovaries

glands that produce the egg cells and hormones

18

Define egg cells

cells produced in the ovaries

19

Define cervix

entrance to the uterus

20

Define seminal vesicle

adds a sugary fluid to semen

21

Define testes

organ that produces sperm

22

Define vas deferens

tube that carries sperm from testes

23

Define ejaculation

when the semen leaves the penis

24

Define puberty

begins at about ages 12 or 13

25

Define scrotum

sac that regulates the temperature of the testes

26

Define vagina

female organ of intercourse; birth canal

27

Define fallopian tubes

where a nature ovum is released for fertilization

28

Define embryo

first two months of development in the uterus

29

Define estrogen

a hormone produced in the ovaries

30

Define uterus

nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth

31

Define labia

folds of skin outside the vagina

32

Define epididymis

stores sperm cells

33

Define urethra

brings urine and semen out of the body brought the penis

34

Define clitoris

female erectile tissue between labia

35

Define sperm cells

cells produced in the testes

36

Define placenta

organ that nourishes the fetus

37

Define endometrium

the thickened lining of the uterus

38

What is endometriosis?

When the endometrium migrates and grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus or the lining of the pelvic cavity

39

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

an infection of the fallopian tubes, ovaires, and the surrounding areas od the pelvis

40

What are STDs?

sexually transmitted disease/infections

41

What are some pregnancy signs?

-missed period
-nausea/vomiting (morning sickness)
-craves
-sore nipples/breasts
-unusual mood swings

42

Risks associated with teenage pregnancy?

-lack of prenatal care
-premature birth
-postpartum depression
-problems with delivery