Flashcards in Industrial Revolution Deck (60):
-the idea was lost and he rediscovered it
-made much purer form of iron called wrought iron
Where was the first mill built?
Cromford on a stream which flows into the River Derwent
How is coke made?
-spinning Jenny + Water frame
-machine that make cloth from threads
-worked several spindles and produced more thread
-1 person did the work of 3000 hand spinners
-sped up handloom weaving
tenter or tenterhooks
a structure that held fabrics for drying or other treatment in the production of woollen cloth.
-limited children under 18 to work 8 hours a day, 6 days a week.
-children under 9 could to work in textile factories.
-children 9 and under could not work more than 48 hours/week
-teenagers between 13-18 could not work more than 69 hours/week
Ten Hours Act
-reduced work hours to 10 hours a day.
-women and children under 10 can't work in underground coal mines.
seed drill and horse-drawn hoe
-a machine for separating cotton from its seeds.
-first steam powered locomotive
the first to smuggle a machine into the US
interchangeable gun parts
an explosive mixture
How do miners check for fire damps?
They put a canary in and if it survives, it's safe.
Sir Humphrey Davy
-gather (leftovers) after a harvest
-villages started to fence in their fields.
-no gleaning after enclosures
-farmers could practice new ideas
-breeder selectively of cattle and sheep
-fights for better working conditions
-boys who pushed the coal cart
private road companies that charged tolls on roads.
children who open/shut trap doors in mines
-pardons for sins
Who was the prime minister at the time of the Industrial Revolution?
Who created the first steam engine that pumps water from the mines?
What did Alfred Nobel do?
Created the dynamite and felt guilty for how it was being used, so he presents the Nobel Peace Prize.
Who created the first friendly factory? (school, day care, good pay, etc)
Who brought turnip to Britain?
Why was turnip a good crop to grow?
-it could grow all year
-provided nitrogen to the soil
Which reformer created the Acts?
Who created the 4 crop rotation (Norfolk rotation system)?
Who are Commissioners?
Men who made checked the farms to make it legally enclosed.
The weight of coal carried up ladders by women.
an English warship that protected British merchant ships called caravelles.
horse-drawn boat that carried good and people
British merchant ships
passed to eldest (son)
used to give cloths the correct finish
forced labour demanded instead of taxes (on roads)
What is laissez-faire?
The idea of economic individualism and free trade. (Adam Smith)
Who builds the first factory?
Why were canals instructed?
To cut transportation cost for bulky items such as coal or metal ores by 75%.
Which 4 things were used in the Norfolk rotation system?
wheat, turnips, barley, and clover
What is the Royal Society?
Groups of philosophers who gave out prize money for the most useful and successful inventions.
What is the Lunar Society?
Great thinkers of the Industrial Revolution who met to discuss scientific questions and how science could be applied to manufacturing, mining, transport education and medicine.