Bio20 - Kingdom Plantae *FINAL* Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio20 - Kingdom Plantae *FINAL* Deck (14):
1

What 3 characteristics are common to all plants?

-multicellular
-eukaryotic
-autotrophic

2

What are the 2 Phylums and Phyla in the Kingdom Plantae?

-Algae Phyla
-Phylum Bryophyta
-Phylum Tracheophyta

3

What are the 3 Phylums under Algae Phyla?

-Chlorophyta
-Rhodophyta
-Phacophyta

4

What are Chlorophytas?

green algae

5

What are Rhodophytas?

red algae

6

What are Phacophyta?

brown algae

7

Describe plants classified under Phylum Bryophyta and provide 2 examples.

-no vascular tissue
-must live in moist environments

ex. mosses and liverworts

8

Describe plants classified under Phylum Tracheophyta and provide 2 examples.

-have vascular tissue (system of tubes; roots, stems)

ex. divided into 3 classes

9

What are the 3 classes of Phylum Tracheophyta?

-Filicinae
-Gymnosperms
-Angiosperms

10

Describe Tracheophytes under class Filicinae and provide an example.

-no seeds, reproduce by spores
-have fronds
-have rhizomes (underground stem)

ex. ferns

11

Describe Tracheophytes under class Gymnosperms and provide an example.

-open seeds

ex. evergreens/conifers, pine, spruce

12

Describe Tracheophytes under class Angiosperm and provide an example.

-flowering plants
-covered seeds
-most dominant land plant

ex. deciduous trees; flowers, grasses, shrubs

13

What type of plants have 1 seed leaf (cotyledon)?

Monocots

14

What types of plants have 2 seed leaves (cotyledons)?

Dicots