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Flashcards in World War I Deck (66):
1

What is the Reinsurance Treaty?

A treaty made in 1887 (Prior to WWI) between Russia and Germany stating that if either country were declared war upon, the other country would remain neutral.

2

What is the Krugar Telegram?

Willy's message to Mr. Kruger congratulating him on being able to defeat a British raid, enraged the British, worsening relations between Germany and Great Britain.

3

dreadnaughts

super battleships

4

What was Britain's relationship with Belgium?

Belgium were secret allies with Britain and when Germany attacked Belgium, Britain joined the war.

5

Big Bertha

large artillery gun

6

Where and when was the Archduke assassinated?

Sarajevo on Vidovnan Day

7

Who was in the Triple Alliance before 1914?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

8

What is the Treaty of London?

A secret pact between the Triple Entente and Italy. TE wanted the alliance of Italy against its former allies, (TA) including Germany.

9

Which country supported Serbia?

Russia

10

Ferdinand Foch

Supreme ally commander of the Triple Entente.

11

What was the Schlieffen Plan?

The Schlieffen Plan was the German plan for war against Russia and France. The German army were to launch a surprise invasion on France through Belgium.

12

Who is John Babcock?

The last WWI Canadian veteran.

13

What is the blank check?

A blank check that Germany gave to A-H as guarantee of almost unconditional support in any war arising should Russia interfere.

14

What sunk the Lusitania?

The U-20 submarine, belongs to Germany

15

What is the sussex pledge?

The Sussex pledge was an agreement between the U.S and Germany. German officials promised during WW1 not to sink merchant vessels without warning or without assuring the passengers safety.

16

Germany is limited to how many warships (not dreadnoughts) and soldiers?

6 and 100,000

17

What was the name of the German's (Triple Alliance) special machine gun?

MG08

18

What is the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

A peace treaty marking Russia's exit from World War I.

19

Which two international waterway straits did Russia want to control.

Dardanelles and Bosphorus.

20

Where was the first major bate in 1916 located at?

Leige, Belgium

21

Which battle holds the largest amount of soldiers dead on the first day?

Battle of the Somme

22

Which two cities does Germany win from France, but then has to give them back.

Alsace and Lorraine

23

What kind of government does Germany become after the war?

A democratic government called the Weimar Republic.

24

What was the Big Four?

A group that made the major decisions which led the Treaty of Versailles.

25

Who were in the Big Four?

George of Britain, Georges of France, Woodrow of US, and Orlando of Italy.

26

What were the two Canadian warships?

Rainbow and Naoibi

27

Who assassinated Franz Ferdinand?

Gavrilo Princip

28

What was the Black Hand?

A terrorist group that wants to create a Yugoslavia.

29

What was the Triple Ententes version of maxim machine gun called?

Vickers

30

How much money does the US loan to the Triple Entente?

$10 billion.

31

What is the Treaty of Frankfurt?

It is a peace treaty signed at the end of the Franco-Prussian War. France lost Alsace and Lorraine to Germany.

32

Who provided cree code talkers?

Canada

33

Who provides weapons for the Black Hand?

Serbia

34

Who wants to build aBerlin to Baghdad railway?

Germany

35

What is Anschluss?

Austria can never unite with Germany.

36

What was the guilt clause that was on Germany?

Guilt Clause #231

37

How much was Germany required to pay in total?

$33 billion in gold.

38

How long was Rhineland demilitarized for?

15 years

39

What kind of country will Russia become?

Communist, lead by Lenin

40

Last soldier killed before armistice?

George Price

41

First Canadian soldier killed?

Belanger

42

First allied casualty killed?

MJ Dease

43

Who/What is Sudetenland?

Those in the northern, southwest, and western areas of Czechoslovakia which were inhabited mostly by German speakers.

44

Where was the 1st allied victory by Foch on the Western front?

Vimy Ridge Battle

45

What does chlorine gas do?

Burns the eyes, lungs, skin.

46

What does mustard gas do?

Corrodes lungs

47

Who is given a German corridor?

Poland

48

What is the Zimmerman telegram?

It was a telegram from Germany to Mexico trying to get them to attack the United States.

49

Who took Bosnia from Serbia?

Austria-Hungary

50

Who was in the Triple Entente?

Britain, France, and Russia

51

What is conscription?

Compulsory military service and was a serious political issue in Canada during the war.

52

What was the steady income per day of the Canadians in the war?

$1.10/day

53

What was the Canadian rifle called?

Ross Rifle

54

What did Austria-Hungary wanted access to?

The Adriatic Sea via Montenegro.

55

What did Russia want access to?

The Mediterranean Sea

56

What group supplied terrorists with their weapons?

The Commitachi

57

Where was chlorine gas first used?

Ypres

58

Which country had the strongest navy?

Britain

59

What is a fokker?

Airplanes that fire machine guns through propellors.

60

What was the scorched earth policy?

When the Germans deliberately burned and looted on a massive scale during their retreat from the war.

61

Which Canadian general led the assault on Vimy Ridge?

Arthur Curry

62

Slavic countries would like to create an independent _________________.

Yugoslavia

63

German's flying ace?

Red Baran

64

Canada's best known ace?

Big Willy

65

What protected the arrival of US troops after two years?

convoys

66

System developed by the allies to counter the German U-boat menace and help merchant ships to reach Britain with fewer losses.

convoy