French Revolution - History 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in French Revolution - History 10 Deck (83):
1

Voltaire

free speech, religious toleration, and created a new religion: Deism

2

Montesquieu

separation of powers, 3 syllables, and legislative, executive, and judicial

3

John Locke

government by popular consent, life, liberty, and property

4

Rousseau

direct democracy; general will; freedom, equality, justice

5

Diderot

created the Encyclopedia, abolished feudal society (serf)

6

Marat

The Friend of The People

7

Adam Smith

laissez-faire

8

indulgences

pardons for sins

9

inquisition

tried alleged heretics

10

clergy

first estate

11

simony

buying church titles, highest bidder wins

12

The church pay a tax every 5 years to kind called..?

free gift

13

primogeniture

inheritance going to oldest son

14

Estates General

ancient parliament in 1600s; (300 in each estate)

15

cahiers

notebooks of grievances and demands for reform.

16

nobel titles

lettres de patente

17

The percentage from wage the third estate paid for tax?

70%

18

terriers

written documents with feudal dues.

19

bonds

assignats

20

unemployment rate

50%

21

tithe tax

10% tax towards church

22

taille

property tax/land tax

23

vingtiemes

20% income tax

24

poll tax

tax collected for army to fight the American revolution.

25

octroi

tax for goods entering a TOWN/CITY.

26

gabelle

salt tax (7 years and up had to buy 7 lbs of salt)

27

corvee

forced labour work on roads instead of tax

28

King soldiers were called:

Kings guards

29

sans culottes

revolutionaries; parish soldiers

30

bastille

JAIL

31

excommunication

excluding someone from participation in sacraments and services of the church

32

divine right monarchy

the belief of a king ruling with God's will. (they think they were chosen, meant to be king)

33

tax collectors

farmers general

34

aides

taxes on wine and cider

35

banalities

use of the lord's mill, oven, and wine press

36

emigre

Nobles who fled during the revolution.

37

Huguenots

Protestants; persecuted by the French; non-Catholics

38

Edict of Nantes

allowed religious worship

39

lettre de cachet

letters that were orders from the King

40

Versailles tax

5%

41

What was the appeal court in France called?

The Court of Cassation

42

Tuileries

The palace in Paris where the King and his family were moved to after the Women's March on Versailles.

43

On a verge to escape, where was the Royal family caught?

Varennes

44

What is France's national anthem?

Marseillaise

45

Who was the governor of the Bastille?

Bernard de Launay

46

How many days wages were required to be able to vote?

3 days

47

How many days wages were required to be able to run for the Legislative Assembly?

10 days

48

What two groups makes up the National Convention?

Jacobins and Girondists

49

Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

Marquis de Lafayette

50

What was the Declaration of Pillnitz?

A warning to the French revolutionaries not to contravene further on the king's privileges and to permit his resumption of power.

51

levee en masse

An appeal to the whole nation to help in the war effort. A national draft called all able-bodied men for army service.

52

How long was the King's veto?

4 years

53

Noailles

The first Noble who stayed, stood in the National Assembly and surrendered collecting feudal dues (banalities) and taxes. (abolished feudalism)

54

Charles Talleyrand

The first priest to say, "Take away land from the church (clergy) and emigres to distribute to the peasants. (Supported confiscation of church properties.)

55

What is the Law of Self-Denying Ordinance?

A law stating that if one was a member of the National Assembly, they could not be in the Legislative assembly.

56

suffrage

the right to vote

57

Who led the Committee of Public Safety?

Robespierre

58

Marie Geoffrin

One of Paris' most popular salon hostesses.

59

Robespierre

A Jacobin leader. He became a dictator and his rule was known as the Reign of Terror.

60

tariff

A tax on goods entering a COUNTRY.

61

enlightened despots

Absolute monarchs who used their power for the good of the people they ruled.

62

Where did peasants get their guns?

invalides

63

Where did the peasants get their gun powder?

Bastille

64

Jacques Necker

Dismissed from being the Minister of Finance for the King causing the storming of the Bastille.

65

franc-fief

A tax on transfer of feudal property (When parents die, oldest son has to pay in order to continue with land use.)

66

Who controlled the Parlements?

King Louis and nobility.

67

What was the very last government?

A group of five men called the Directory. It proved to be a weak government and marked the end of the French Revolution.

68

Who were the two most prominent Jacobins?

Danton and Robespierre

69

France was divided in __ departments.

83

70

Napoleon Bonaparte

Overthrows the Directory, becoming the supreme ruler of France.

71

What did the French steal at the invalides?

28000 arquebuses (guns)

72

republic

A country with no monarchy.

73

Who were Jacobins?

Parisian radicals who demanded the execution of the King.

74

What was the slogan and battle cry of the French Revolution?

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!

75

What is the Tennis Court Oath?

A protest against the Estates General on behalf of the Third Estate demanding concessions in their favour.

76

What is the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

States that the government belonged to the people as a whole. "Natural rights" of liberty and equality.

77

What does the Committee of Public Safety do?

They make reforms, organize national army, executes opponents during the Reign of Terror and bring wage and price controls.

78

What is the Civil Constitution of the Clergy?

A law that stated that bishops and priests were to be elected by popular vote and paid by the government.

79

What is the Law of Maximum?

wage and price controls.

80

Who was the king at the start of the French Revolution?

King Louis XVI

81

How many days of wages had to be paid to run for National Assembly?

10

82

Before the Committee of Public Safety, who could vote?

People who owned property and paid 6 livres.

83

Who was voting rights extended to in the Committee of Public Safety?

male citizens who paid at least 3 days wages.