Bio107-lab2 Flashcards Preview

E: BIO 107 > Bio107-lab2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bio107-lab2 Deck (26):
1

Cell

building block of all living things

2

Tissue

a group of cells similar in structure and function

3

Organ

a structure composed of 2 or more tissue types that perform a specific function

4

Organ system

a group of organs that work together to perform a body function

5

ORGAN SYSTEMS: Integumentary

skin, epidermal, dermal

6

Integumentary function (4)

1. Protects deeper organs 2. Excretes salts & urea 3. Regulates body temp 4. Produces vitamin D

7

Skeletal

bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joint

8

Skeletal func. (3)

1. Body support & protects organs 2. Levers for mechanical action 3. Cavities provide a site for blood cell formation

9

Muscular

muscles attached to the skeleton

10

Muscular func. (2)

1. Contract or shorten- to allow for walking etc. 2. Generates heat

11

Nervous

brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors

12

Nervous func. (2)

1. Allows body to detect internal and external environmental changes 2. Helps maintain homestasis

13

Endocrine

pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands; ovaries, testes, pancreas

14

Endocrine func. (1)

Helps maintain homeostasis, promotes growth and development

15

Cardiovascular

heart, blood vessels, blood

16

Cardiovasc. func. (2)

1. Carries blood to and from tissue cells where exchanges are made 2. Antibodies and protein molecules in blood protect the body

17

Lymphatic/Immunity

lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, lymphoid tissue

18

Lymphatic func. (3)

1. Returns leaked fluid from blood vessles back into the blood 2. Cleanses the blood or pathogens 3. Lymphocytes act as an immune system

19

Respiratory

nasal passages, lungs, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi

20

Respiratory func. (1)

keeps blood oxygenated and removes carbon dioxide

21

Digestive

oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small & large intestine, teeth, salivary glands, liver, pancreas

22

Digestive func. (2)

1. Breaks down ingested food 2. Removes undigested food as feces

23

Urinary

kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra

24

Urinary func. (2)

1. Rids body of nitrogen-containing wastes 2. Maintains water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of blood

25

Reproductive

M: testes, prostate gland, scrotum, penis, and duct system
F: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, mammary glands, vagina

26

Reproductive func. (2)

1. Provides sperm 2. Provides eggs and females house a baby